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Edward Jenner (1749–1823) by James Northcote, 1803 [completed 1823] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Jenner, Edward (1749–1823), surgeon and pioneer of smallpox vaccination, was born on 17 May 1749 at the vicarage, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, the fourth son and eighth of nine children of the Revd Stephen Jenner (1702–1754), vicar of Berkeley, and his wife, Sarah (1709–1754), daughter of the ...

Article

Walker, John (1759–1830), vaccinator and writer, was born on 31 July 1759 at Cockermouth, Cumberland, one of the several children of a blacksmith and ironmonger. He was educated at the free grammar school in the town and was intended for an artistic career. However, plans for an apprenticeship were abandoned and he spent five years in his father's business, engraving ornamental metalwork. During this time he received some training in drawing. In 1779 ...

Article

Williamson, John [nicknamed Johnny Notions] (c. 1730–c. 1796), smallpox inoculator, was the son of Andrew Williamson; otherwise his parentage and place of birth are obscure. From the late 1740s at least, Williamson lived at Hamnavoe, Esha Ness, in the north-west of the ...