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Alford, Francis (c. 1530–1592), civil lawyer and member of parliament, was the second son of Robert Alford (d. 1546) and his wife, Anne Brydges. He gained a BA degree at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1549 and was admitted to Christ Church, Oxford...

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Aubrey, William (c. 1529–1595), civil lawyer, was born at Cantref in Brecknockshire, the second son of Thomas Aubrey, of an old Brecknockshire family, and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Thomas Vaughan. After attending what would become Christ College, Brecon, he was educated at ...

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See Aubrey, William

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Barker, Hugh (1565–1632), civil lawyer, was the second of six sons of Robert Barker of Culworth, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Mary Danvers. The family was related to William of Wykeham, so it was natural that Barker should be educated at Wykeham's foundations, Winchester College...

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See Bennet, Sir John

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Bird, Sir William (1560/61–1624), civil lawyer, was the second son of William Bird, gentleman, of Saffron Walden, Essex, and Maria, daughter of John Woodhall, also of Walden; Bird was born in Walden. He matriculated at All Souls College, Oxford, on 28 November 1581, aged twenty, having become a fellow in 1578. He devoted himself to the study of the civil law, receiving the degrees of BCL in 1583 and DCL in 1588. He was admitted as an advocate of the ...

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Bouchier [Bourchier], Thomas (1633–1723), civil lawyer, was the elder son of James Bouchier (d. 1641) of Long Hanborough, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire. He attended Winchester College and then entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, matriculating as Thomas Boucher on 19 November 1650. He became a fellow of ...

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Budden, John (1566–1620), civil lawyer, was born at Canford, Dorset, the son of John Budden. He matriculated from Merton College, Oxford, on 14 December 1582, aged sixteen, was admitted a scholar of Trinity College, Oxford, on 30 May 1583, and graduated BA on 29 October 1586. At the request of ...

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Burwell, Thomas (1603/4–1673), civil lawyer, was the fifth son of Francis Burwell of Sutton, Suffolk, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Simon Mawe of Rendlesham, Suffolk. He was admitted to Peterhouse, Cambridge, aged sixteen, in 1620, graduating BA in 1624 and proceeding MA from ...

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Byng, Thomas (d. 1599), civil lawyer and college head, was the second son of John Byng of Wrotham in Kent and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Robert Spencer. His elder brother, Robert, was the ancestor of the well-known naval and military family. Thomas Byng...

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Caesar [formerly Adelmare], Sir Julius (bap. 1558, d. 1636), civil lawyer, was born in Tottenham, the eldest son of Cesare Adelmare (d. 1569) and Margery (or Margaret) Perient (or Perin). His father, known as Dr Adelmare or Dr Caesar, had been a subject of the republic of ...

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Sir Julius Caesar (bap. 1558, d. 1636) by Renold Elstrack © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carew, Sir Matthew (1531–1618), civil lawyer, was a son (the second of nineteen children) of the financial official Sir Wymond Carew (1498–1549) of Antony, Cornwall, and his recusant wife, Martha (c.1500–1572) [see Carew, Martha], daughter of Sir Edmund Denny...

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Clerk, William (d. 1655), civil lawyer, was admitted as a scholar to Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in 1605. By its statutes Trinity Hall was committed to the study of the civil law, which was derived from Roman law and governed ecclesiastical, maritime, and international affairs. ...

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Clerke, Bartholomew (c. 1537–1590), civil lawyer, was the son of John Clerke (d. 1573), of Wells, Somerset, a notary public and proctor of the arches, and Anne, daughter of Henry Grantoft of Huntingdonshire. He was educated at Eton College (c.1550–1554) and ...

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Clerke, Francis (fl. 1564–1594), civil lawyer and jurist, whose origins are unknown, spent most of his professional career as a proctor in the courts of the archbishop of Canterbury in London and also in the admiralty courts. In a preface to a work written in the 1590s, he made known that he had been active in the ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Anita McConnell

Corbet, Clement (c. 1576–1652), civil lawyer, was the sixth of eight sons of Sir Miles Corbet (d. 1607) of Sprowston and his first wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir Christopher Heydon. His father was high sheriff of Norfolk in 1591 and was knighted at the sacking of ...

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Cowell, John (1554–1611), civil lawyer, was born at Ernsborough in Swimbridge, Devon. His parents' names are unknown. He attended Eton College and in 1570 matriculated as a pensioner of King's College, Cambridge, where he became a fellow in 1573. After proceeding BA in 1575 and MA in 1578 he was persuaded by ...

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Crompton, Sir Thomas (1558–1609), civil lawyer, was born in London, the second son of William Crompton (d. in or before 1577), a London mercer who had purchased lands in London, Staffordshire, and Kent, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Boughton...

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Dale, Valentine (c. 1520–1589), civil lawyer and diplomat, was born about 1520, the only son of John Dale (c.1500–1552), landowner, and his wife, Joan (d. in or after 1552). The family was a cadet branch of the Dales of South Tidworth...