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Abdul Razak bin Hussein, Tun (1922–1976), prime minister of Malaysia, was born in Pulau Keladi in the state of Pahang (a Malay state then under British ‘protection’), on 11 March 1922. Descended from a line of Bugis chieftains who had emigrated from Sulawesi...

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Al-Nahas, Mustafa (1879–1965), prime minister of Egypt, was born on 15 June 1879 in Samanud, in the Gharbiyya province of Egypt's Nile delta, where his father was a timber merchant. He attended the Khedival Secondary School in Cairo between 1891 and 1896, and graduated from the ...

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Abdullah Yusuf Ali (1872–1953) by Lafayette, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1872–1953), Indian civil servant and Islamic scholar, was born on 4 April 1872 in Surat, Gujarat, India. His father, Yusuf Ali Allahbuksh, otherwise Khan Bahadur Yusuf Ali, a Shi'i in the Dawoodi Bohra tradition, had abandoned the traditional occupation of his community, business, and entered instead the police force, being presented on retirement with the title of ...

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Husain, Sir Mian Fazl-i- (1877–1936), politician in India, was born on 14 June 1877 in Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province, India, where his father, Mian Husain Imam Bakhsh, was posted as 'extra assistant commissioner'. He came from a family of Bhatti Rajputs from Batala...

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Hussein Onn, Tun (1922–1990), prime minister of Malaysia, was born in Johor Bahru, Johor (then under British protection), on 12 February 1922, the eldest son of Dato Onn bin Jaafar (1895–1962), politician, and his wife, Halimah binte Hussein. He received his early education in ...

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Khan, Sir Sikander Hyat- (1892–1942), politician in India, was born on 5 June 1892 at Multan, Punjab, India, the son of Nawab Muhammad Hyat-Khan, a well-known scion of the Khattar tribe from Attock district, and his second wife, who was the daughter of ...

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Mirza, Iskander Ali (1899–1969), governor-general and president of Pakistan, was born in Lalbagh, Murshidabad, Bengal, on 13 November 1899, the son of Fateh Ali Mirza (1876–1948), landowner, and his wife, Dilshad Tyabji (1879–1925). On his father's side he came from the former ruling family of ...

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Khwaja Nazimuddin (1894–1964) by James Burke, 1951 Getty Images

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Nazimuddin, Khwaja (1894–1964), chief minister of Bengal and governor-general and prime minister of Pakistan, was born on 19 July 1894 in Dacca, Bengal, the son of Khwaja Nazimuddin, landowner, and his wife, Nawabzadi Bilkis Banu. His maternal grandfather was Khwaja Ahsanullah, nawab of Dacca...

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Slatin, Sir Rudolf Carl von (1857–1932), colonial governor and author, was born on 27 June 1857 at Ober Sankt Veit, near Vienna, the fourth of six children born to Michael Slatin, a silk dyer, and his wife, Maria Anna Feuerstein, who was born in ...