1-20 of 72 results  for:

Clear all

Article

Ambedkar [formerly Ambavadekar], Bhimrao Ramji (1891–1956), politician, was born at Mhow in central India on 14 April 1891, the youngest of the fourteen children of Ramji Maloji Sakpal, a subahdar-major in the British Indian army and headmaster in a military school, and his wife, ...

Image

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (1891–1956) by unknown photographer © reserved; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bajpai, Sir Girja Shankar (1891–1954), administrator and politician in India, was born in Lucknow on 3 April 1891, the second of the three sons of Sir Seetla Prasad Bajpai, chief justice of Jaipur state, and his wife, Rukmini Shukla (d. 1945). Having won a science scholarship from ...

Image

Sir Surendranath Banerjea (1848–1925) by Johnston & Hoffmann © reserved

Article

Banerjea [Bandyopadhyay], Sir Surendranath (1848–1925), politician, the second child of Dr Durgacharan Banerjea, was born in Taltala, Calcutta, on 10 November 1848. Durgacharan, a disciple of David Hare, the philanthropist who helped him to get his medical education, was one of the most successful doctors in the city and a friend of the reformer ...

Image

Ghanshyamdas Birla (1894–1983) by unknown photographer courtesy The Harvill Press, London

Article

Birla, Ghanshyamdas (1894–1983), businessman and politician in India, was born in the small village of Pilani in Rajputana, India, on 10 April 1894, the son of Raja Baldeodas Birla (c.1862–1957) and his wife, Yogeshwari Singhi (c.1863–1963). The Birlas were of the mercantile caste known as the ...

Article

Bonnerjee, Woomes Chunder (1844–1906), lawyer and politician, was born on 29 December 1844 at his paternal grandfather's country house at Sonai, Kidderpore, Bengal, the second but eldest surviving son of Girish Chunder Bonnerjee (1823–1868), an attorney, and his wife, Saraswati Devi. The family were Hindu, Bengali Brahmans; they claimed descent from ...

Article

Bose, Subhas Chandra (1897–1945), Indian political leader, was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa, the ninth child and sixth son of Janaki Nath Bose (1860–1934), a lawyer and government pleader, and his wife, Prabhabati, née Dey (1869–1944). They were high-caste Hindu Bengalis of the ...

Article

Chaudhurani, Sarala Devi (1872–1945), political activist and campaigner for women's rights in India, was born on 9 September 1872 at Jorasanko, Calcutta, the younger daughter and youngest of the three children of Janakinath Ghosal (1840–1913), son of a local zamindar of Krishnanagar, and a supporter of the ...

Article

Chauhan [née Singh], Subhadra Kumari (1904–1948), poet, short-story writer, and political activist in India, was born on 16 August 1904 in Nihalpur, near Allahabad, United Provinces, India, the third of four daughters and sixth of seven children of Ramnath Singh, building contractor, and his wife, ...

Article

Das, Chittaranjan (1870–1925), Indian nationalist and barrister, was born on 5 November 1870 in Calcutta, the second child and eldest son of Bhuban Mohan Das, a solicitor of the Calcutta high court, and his wife, Nistarini Devi. His youngest brother, P. R. Das...

Article

Datta, Sukha Sagar [Sukhsagar] (1890–1967), medical practitioner and political activist, was born in Bengal, the youngest son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Dwijadas Datta (b. 1856), professor of agriculture, and his wife, Muktakeshi, daughter of a ...

Article

Desai, Morarji Ranchhodji (1896–1995), prime minister of India, was born on 29 February 1896 at the home of his maternal grandfather (Gopalji Vasanji Desai, a farmer), in Bhadeli, Surat, Gujarat, India, the eldest of seven children (four boys and three girls) of ...

Article

Dhingra, Madan Lal (1883–1909), Indian nationalist and political assassin, was born on 18 September 1883 in the Dhingra Buildings, Hall Gate, Amritsar, the sixth of the seven children of Dr Sahib Ditta Mal Dhingra, a civil surgeon. The Dhingras were a wealthy, cosmopolitan Hindu family who regarded British rule as a modernizing and stabilizing influence. ...

Article

Dutt, Romesh Chunder [Rameshchandra Datta] (1848–1909), administrator in India and author, son of Ishanchandra and Thakamani Dutt, was born in Calcutta on 13 August 1848. He came from one of the Calcutta families who had prospered through their commercial associations with the British ...

Image

Romesh Chunder Dutt [Rameshchandra Datta] (1848–1909) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Image

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (1917–1984) by Derry Moore, 1976 Derry Moore / Camera Press, London

Article

Gandhi [née Nehru], Indira Priyadarshini (1917–1984), prime minister of India, was born on 19 November 1917 at Allahabad, United Provinces, the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964), one of the principal leaders of the Indian nationalist movement and India's first prime minister, and ...

Article

Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand [known as Mahatma Gandhi] (1869–1948), political leader and religious and social reformer, was born in Porbandar, Kathiawar, western India, on 2 October 1869, to Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and his fourth wife, Putlibai: he was the youngest of the one daughter and three sons of the marriage....