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Ambedkar [formerly Ambavadekar], Bhimrao Ramji (1891–1956), politician, was born at Mhow in central India on 14 April 1891, the youngest of the fourteen children of Ramji Maloji Sakpal, a subahdar-major in the British Indian army and headmaster in a military school, and his wife, ...

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Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (1891–1956) by unknown photographer © reserved; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aung San (1915–1947) by unknown photographer © Popperfoto

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Aung San (1915–1947), politician in Burma, was born on 13 February 1915 at Natmauk, a small town in the Magwe district of central Burma, the youngest of nine children of U Pha, lawyer, and his wife, Daw Su. A sickly child but a gifted student, he was educated as a novice in a Buddhist monastic school and then at a high school to which he won a government scholarship. He was already interested in politics and adept at public speaking when he went to ...

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Bandaranaike, Solomon West Ridgeway Dias (1899–1959), prime minister of Ceylon, was born on 8 January 1899 at the family home in Horagolla, Veyangoda, the only son of Sir Solomon Dias Bandaranaike (1862–1946) and his wife, Daisy Ezline, daughter of Sir Solomon Christoffel Obeyesekere...

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Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (1899–1959) by Kenneth J. Somanade, 1959 Getty Images – Kenneth J. Somanade

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Lincoln, Ignatius Timotheus Trebitsch [formerly Ignácz Trebitsch; name in religion Chao Kung] (1879–1943), political adventurer, was born in Paks, Hungary, on 4 April 1879, the second son of Nathan Trebitsch (d. 1899), a merchant, and his wife, Julia, née Freund (...

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Ne Win (1911–2002) by unknown photographer, 1958 Getty Images

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Ne Win (1911–2002), military ruler of Burma, was born Shu Maung on 14 May 1911 in Paungdale, central Burma, the son of Po Kha, a revenue surveyor, and his wife, Mi Le. His father's home was said to be a frequent stop for touring nationalist politicians despite his employment by the British colonial government. Having attended ...

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Nu, U (1907–1995), prime minister of Burma, was born on 25 May 1907 in Wakema, Myaungmya, Burma, the elder son of U San Htun, merchant, and his wife, Daw Saw Khin. His parents were prosperous traders, selling monks' robes from a drapery store in the ...

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Senanayake, Don Stephen (1884–1952), prime minister of Ceylon, was born in Colombo, Ceylon, on 20 October 1884, the youngest of the three sons of Mudaliyar Don Spater Senanayake and his wife, Elizabeth Catherine. His eldest brother was groomed for public life and sent to an English university. ...

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Don Stephen Senanayake (1884–1952) by Vandyk, 1949 © National Portrait Gallery, London