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Edward Jenner (1749–1823) by James Northcote, 1803 [completed 1823] © National Portrait Gallery, London


Jenner, Edward (1749–1823), surgeon and pioneer of smallpox vaccination, was born on 17 May 1749 at the vicarage, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, the fourth son and eighth of nine children of the Revd Stephen Jenner (1702–1754), vicar of Berkeley, and his wife, Sarah (1709–1754), daughter of the ...


Ring, John (bap. 1752, d. 1821), surgeon and vaccinator, was born in Wincanton, Somerset, and baptized on 21 August 1752, the son of Richard Ring. Nothing is known of the family beyond that they were people of some position. Certainly, they were able to provide their son with a good education. ...


Sutton, Robert (bap. 1708, d. 1788), surgeon, apothecary, and smallpox inoculator, was baptized in Kenton, Suffolk, on 12 February 1708, the son of Robert Sutton, gentleman. He was apprenticed in September 1726 to John Turner of Debenham, Suffolk, apothecary. In October 1731, shortly after completing his apprenticeship, he married ...