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Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Atkins, John (bap. 1685, d. 1757), naval surgeon, the son of John and Grace Atkins, was baptized on 26 November 1685 at Plaistow, Essex. He served a professional apprenticeship before commencing a chequered naval career in March 1701 as surgeon's mate of the ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

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Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Andrew Lambert

Beatty, Sir William (d. 1842), naval surgeon, joined the navy at an early age, and saw much service in it in various parts of the world. In 1806 he was appointed physician to the Royal Naval Hospital, Greenwich, an office which he retained until 1840. He attended ...

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W. E. A. Axon

revised by Andrew Lambert

Bellot, Thomas (1806–1857), naval surgeon and philologist, was born on 16 March 1806 at Manchester, where his father, after whom he was named, was a practising surgeon in Oldham Street. The father, a native of Derbyshire, gave evidence in 1818 to a House of Lords...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Patrick Wallis

Broughton, Samuel Daniel (1787–1837), military surgeon, the fourth and youngest son of Thomas Broughton, rector of St Peter's, Bristol, and his wife, Jane, was born in Bristol in July 1787. Thomas Duer Broughton (1778–1835) was his brother. Samuel was educated at Bristol grammar school...

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William Brydon (1811–1873) by R. & E. Taylor, pubd 1873 (after John Stuart) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brydon, William (1811–1873), army surgeon, was born in London on 10 October 1811, the second son and second of the eight children of William Brydon (c.1761–1843), merchant, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Comberbach (1783–1841). On his father's side he was descended from a Scottish border family, one member of which had distinguished himself as provost of ...

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Bryson, Alexander (1802–1869), naval surgeon, began his professional studies at Edinburgh and continued them at Glasgow, where he qualified in 1827 and was admitted to the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons. In the same year he entered the navy as assistant surgeon; he was promoted surgeon in 1836, deputy inspector-general in 1854, and inspector-general in 1855. In January 1864, on the retirement of ...

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B. B. Woodward

revised by Yolanda Foote

Busk, George (1807–1886), surgeon and naturalist, was born on 12 August 1807 at St Petersburg, the second son of Robert Busk (1768–1835), merchant of St Petersburg, and his wife, Jane, daughter of John Westly, a customs house clerk at St Petersburg. Sir Wadsworth Busk (1730–1811)...

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Bynoe, Benjamin (1803–1865), ship's surgeon and naturalist, was born at Christ Church, Barbados, on 25 July 1803, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bynoe. Nothing is known of Bynoe's education and though he was sometimes styled MD there is no record that he obtained this qualification in the ...

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H. D. Rolleston

revised by Andrew Lambert

Coppinger, Richard William (1847–1910), naval surgeon and naturalist, born on 11 October 1847 in Dublin, was the youngest of the six sons of Joseph William Coppinger, a solicitor of Farmley, Dundrum, co. Dublin, and his wife, Agnes Mary, only daughter of William Lalor Cooke...

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Cruickshank, William (d. 1810/11), military surgeon and chemist, was possibly born in north-east Scotland in the 1740s or 1750s. There is no record of his family, education, or early life, but he may be the William Cruickshank who graduated MA from King's College, Aberdeen...

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Cuningham, James MacNabb (1829–1905), military surgeon and medical administrator, was born at the Cape of Good Hope on 2 June 1829, the son of Major William Cunningham of the 54th Bengal infantry. Cuningham, who altered the spelling of his surname, read medicine at ...

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Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia, fifth and youngest son of John Cunningham (1743–1800) of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, land steward and farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Harley, the daughter of a Dumfries merchant, was born at Dalswinton in November 1789. He was brother of ...

Article

Day, Francis (1829–1889), military surgeon and ichthyologist, was born on 2 March 1829 at Maresfield, Sussex, the third son of William Day (1797–1849) and his wife, Ann Elliott, née Le Blanc. The family moved to Hadlow House in Mayfield about 1833, and farmed an estate of some ...