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B. D. Jackson

revised by P. E. Kell

Abel, Clarke (1789–1826), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 5 September 1789, the son of Matthias Abel. After schooling at Merchant Taylors', he was educated for the medical profession and served as a surgeon in Norwich. He is sometimes styled MD but it is not clear if he qualified as such. He accompanied ...

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John Abernethy (1764–1831) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1819–20 St Bartholomew's Hospital Archives and Museum. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Abernethy, John (1764–1831), surgeon, born in Coleman Street, London, on 3 April 1764, was one of the five children of John Abernethy, a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Weir from Antrim in Ireland. Abernethy's early education took place at Wolverhampton grammar school, and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to ...

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Acton, William John (1812/13–1875), surgeon specializing in genito-urinary disorders, was baptized at Shillingstone, Dorset, on 12 May 1814, the second son of Edward Acton (1785/6–1875), curate of the parish, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1788–1817). He had two brothers, John (who also went into the church) and ...

Article

Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

Article

J. F. Payne

revised by J. B. Lyons

Adams, Robert (1794/5–1875), surgeon, was born in Dublin, the son of Samuel Adams, a solicitor, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Filgate. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 6 November 1809, at the age of fourteen, and graduated BA in 1814 and MA in 1832; he became MB and MD in 1842. He began the study of medicine by apprenticeship to ...

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Adams, William (1820–1900), surgeon, was born on 1 February 1820, the eldest son of James Adams, surgeon, of 39 Finsbury Square, London. He was educated at W. Simpson's private school in Hackney and then at King's College School, London, from 1835 to 1837. He trained at ...

Article

Aikin, Charles Rochemont (1775–1847), surgeon, was born at Warrington, Lancashire, the second son of John Aikin (1747–1822), physician, author, and religious dissenter, and Martha Jennings (c.1746–1830); he was the grandson of John Aikin (1713–1780), and brother of Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) and ...

Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by James Mills

Ainslie, Sir Whitelaw (1767–1837), surgeon, the son of Robert Ainslie (1734–1795) and Catharine Whitelaw, and brother of Robert Ainslie (1766–1838), was born on 17 February 1767 at Duns, Berwickshire, where his father was factor to Lord Douglas. He was nominated assistant surgeon in the ...

Article

Aird, Ian (1905–1962), surgeon, was born on 4 July 1905 at Belgrave Terrace, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the first of two sons of William Aird (b. 1872), master tailor, and his wife, Jean Elizabeth Ogle (formerly Binnie). Both parents were lowland Scots, the father's forebears from ...

Article

J. F. Payne

revised by Michael Bevan

Aitkin, John (d. 1790), surgeon, the date of whose birth is not recorded, must have studied medicine at Edinburgh, where he became a member of the College of Surgeons in 1770. In 1779 he is described as surgeon and lecturer on surgery in ...

Article

Alanson, Edward (1747–1823), surgeon, was born on 23 October 1747 in Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, the son of John and Margaret Alanson. He was apprenticed to William Pickering, a surgeon to the Liverpool Infirmary, in 1763. In 1768 he went to London and became a house pupil of the surgeon and natural scientist, ...

Article

[Anon.]

revised by Kaye Bagshaw

Alcock, Thomas (1784–1833), surgeon, was born in Rothbury, Northumberland. After serving an apprenticeship as a surgeon with John Anderson in Newcastle, he became in 1805 resident medical officer at the Sunderland Dispensary. In 1806 or 1807 he moved to London and studied at ...

Article

J. F. Payne

revised by Patrick Wallis

Aldis, Sir Charles (1776–1863), surgeon, the seventh son and one of the twenty-two children of Daniel Aldis, a medical practitioner of Aslacton, Norfolk, and his wife, Mary, was born at Aslacton on 16 March 1776. Apprenticed to his father in 1789, he travelled to ...

Article

Alexander, William (1845–1919), surgeon, was born on 29 April 1845 at Holestone, co. Antrim, Ireland, one of eight known children of James Alexander (d. 1887), tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1906). After schooling in nearby Doagh, Alexander studied medicine from 1866 to 1870 at ...

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James Anderson (1738–1809) by Luigi Schiavonetti (after John Smart, 1800) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1738–1809), surgeon and horticulturist, was born on 17 January 1738 at Long Hermiston near Edinburgh, the son of Andrew Anderson, a local doctor. He attended the village school at Ratho and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He was a surgeon on an ...

Article

Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Anderson, William (c. 1748–1778), surgeon and naturalist, was born in Scotland, probably in the area of North Berwick, Haddingtonshire. Nothing is known of his immediate family other than the existence of two sisters, Beth and Rabinah. He was educated at Edinburgh University, enrolling as an anatomy student for the year 1762–3. At his examination for the navy on 1 December 1768 he qualified as surgeon's first mate and on 1 November 1770 he was advanced to surgeon of a first-rate ship, subsequently serving in the ...