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Almeida [née Hart], June Dalziel (1930–2007), virologist, was born on 5 October 1930 at 10 Duntroon Street, Glasgow, the daughter of Harry Leonard Hart, bus driver, and his wife, Jane Dalziel, née Steven. On leaving school in 1947 she became a laboratory technician in histopathology at ...

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Sir Christopher Howard Andrewes (1896–1988) by Walter Stoneman, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988), virologist, was born on 7 June 1896 in London, the elder child and only son of Sir Frederick William Andrewes (1859–1932), pathologist, and his wife, Phyllis Mary, daughter of John Hamer, publisher. He was educated as a day boy at ...

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Andrewes, Sir Frederick William (1859–1932), pathologist and bacteriologist, was born at Greyfriars House, Friar Street, Reading, on 31 March 1859, the eldest of the four sons of Charles James Andrewes, an engineer, who was mayor of Reading, and his second wife, Charlotte Parsons...

Article

W. J. Bishop

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Arkwright, Sir Joseph Arthur (1864–1944), bacteriologist, was born at Thurlaston, Leicestershire, on 22 March 1864, the youngest of the five children of Arthur William Arkwright, gentleman farmer, of Broughton Hall, Astley, and his wife and second cousin, Emma (d. 1866), daughter of ...

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Barber, Mary (1911–1965), bacteriologist, was born in Derby on 3 April 1911, the third daughter of Hugh Barber, physician, and Ethel M. Howlett. She was educated at Alice Ottley School, Worcester, and the London School of Medicine for Women; she obtained the conjoint diploma in 1934 and graduated MB BS in 1936. She then became resident pathologist and A. M. Bird scholar in the pathology unit of the ...

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Bawden, Sir Frederick Charles (1908–1972), virologist and plant pathologist, was born on 18 August 1908 in North Tawton, Devon, the younger son and youngest of the three children of George Bawden, relieving officer and registrar of births and deaths, and his wife, Ellen Balment...

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Bedson, Sir Samuel Phillips (1886–1969), bacteriologist, was born on 1 December 1886 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the second son of Peter Phillips Bedson, professor of chemistry in the Durham College of Science, and his wife, Annie, daughter of Samuel Hodgkinson, cotton spinner, of ...

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Boyd, Sir John Smith Knox (1891–1981), bacteriologist, was born on 18 September 1891 at Largs, Ayrshire, the second of three sons (there were no daughters) of John Knox Boyd, an agent in the Royal Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Wilson Smith...

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Brooks, Ralph Terence St John- (1884–1963), bacteriologist, was born on 27 October 1884 in Dublin, the third son of Professor Henry St John Brooks (b. 1855), medical anatomist, and his wife, Marion Sarah Ohren. Educated at Erasmus Smith's School, he graduated in 1904 from ...

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Fred Brown (1925–2004) by Godfrey Argent Studio, 1981 Godfrey Argent Studios

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Brown, Fred (1925–2004), virologist, was born on 31 January 1925 at 80 Blackburn Road, Clayton-le-Moors, near Accrington, Lancashire, the younger son of Fred Brown (father and son were named Fred not Frederick), a French polisher and a veteran of the Somme, and his wife, ...

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Sir David Bruce (1855–1931) by unknown photographer, 1894–6 Wellcome Library, London

Article

S. R. Christophers

revised by Helen J. Power

Bruce, Sir David (1855–1931), bacteriologist and parasitologist, was born in Melbourne, Australia, on 29 May 1855, the only son of David Bruce, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Stirling. His father was presumably an engineer, who went to ...

Article

Clifford Dobell

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Bulloch, William (1868–1941), bacteriologist and pathologist, was born at Aberdeen on 19 August 1868, the younger son of John Bulloch and his wife, Mary, daughter of Andrew Malcolm, schoolmaster, of Leochel-Cushnie. John Malcolm Bulloch (1867–1938), journalist and genealogist of the house of Gordon...

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Burnet, Sir Frank Macfarlane (1899–1985), virologist and immunologist, was born on 3 September 1899 in Traralgon, Gippsland, Victoria, Australia, the second of seven children of Frank Burnet (b. 1856), a banker of Scottish descent, and Hadassah Pollock Mackay (b. 1872), the daughter of a schoolteacher who had also emigrated from ...

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Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet (1899–1985) by Walter Bird, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cheyne, Sir (William) Watson, first baronet (1852–1932), bacteriologist and surgeon, was born at sea, off Hobart Town, Tasmania, on 14 December 1852, the only child of Andrew Cheyne (d. 1867), of Ollaberry, Shetland, captain in the merchant navy, and his wife, Eliza (...

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Sir (William) Watson Cheyne, first baronet (1852–1932) by William Charles Penn, 1906 in the collection of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Colebrook, Leonard (1883–1967), bacteriologist, was born in Guildford, Surrey, on 2 March 1883, the fifth child and third son of six children born to May Colebrook, a prosperous farmer and nonconformist preacher, and his second wife, Mary Gower. He was educated from 1891 to 1896 at ...