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Bain, Alexander (1818–1903), psychologist, was born on 11 June 1818, the second child of eight of George Bain, an impoverished Calvinist weaver of Aberdeen, and his wife, Margaret Paul. Bain left school at the age of eleven but, via evening classes at the mechanics' institute and adolescent autodidactic labours, he gained entrance to ...

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Alexander Bain (1818–1903) by Macmahon, 1892 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Broadbent, Donald Eric (1926–1993), psychologist, was born on 6 May 1926 at 361 Station Road, Yardley, Birmingham, the youngest of the three children of Herbert Arthur Broadbent (b. c.1890), accountant, and his wife, Hannah Elizabeth (Margie) Williams (1893–1965), a secretary before her marriage. Although born in ...

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Donald Eric Broadbent (1926–1993) by unknown photographer © Margaret Broadbent

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Craik, Kenneth James William (1914–1945), psychologist, was born on 29 March 1914 at 10 Trinity Road, Leith, Scotland, the son of James Bowstead Craik, writer to the signet, and his wife, Marie Sylvia, née Robson. Having studied psychology under James Drever sen. (and philosophy under ...

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Eysenck, Hans Jurgen (1916–1997), psychologist, only child of Anton Eduard Eysenck (b. 1889) of Borgisch-Gladebach in Germany and Ruth, née Werner, of Königshütte in Silesia, was born in Berlin on 4 March 1916 and reared by his Roman Catholic maternal grandmother, A. Werner...

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Hans Jurgen Eysenck (1916–1997) by Anne-Katrin Purkiss, 1991 [right, with his son, Michael William Eysenck] © Anne-Katrin Purkiss; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Susan Sutherland Isaacs (1885–1948) by Enoch Fairhurst, 1935 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Isaacs [née Fairhurst], Susan Sutherland (1885–1948), educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, was born on 24 May 1885, at 32 Bradshaw Brow, Turton, Bolton, Lancashire, the seventh of eight children of William Fairhurst, journalist and Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, Miriam Sutherland. Fairhurst's...

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Knight [née Horsey], Margaret Kennedy (1903–1983), humanist writer and psychologist, was born at Waltham College, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, on 23 November 1903, the daughter of Ernest Percival Horsey (1868–1960), schoolmaster, and his wife, Kate Marion, née Edwards (1871–1943). Raised in Harlow College, Essex...

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Henry Maudsley (1835–1918) by George Jerrard, 1881 Wellcome Library, London

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Maudsley, Henry (1835–1918), medical psychologist, was born on 5 February 1835 at a farmhouse called Rome, near Giggleswick, Yorkshire, the third of the four sons and fourth of seven children of Thomas Maudsley (1798–1880), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary Bateson (d...

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Spalding, Douglas Alexander (1841–1877), comparative psychologist, was born on 14 July 1841 at 2 St James Street, Islington, London, the only son of Alexander Mitchell Spalding, office clerk, and his wife, Jessey Fraser. Shortly after his birth, Douglas Spalding's parents relocated the family to ...

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Spearman, Charles Edward (1863–1945), psychologist, was born on 10 September 1863 at 39 Upper Seymour Street, London, the younger of the two sons of Alexander Young Spearman (1832–1865), a man of independent means, and his second wife, Louisa Anne Caroline Amelia (1842/3–1933), daughter of ...

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Thouless, Robert Henry (1894–1984), psychologist, the son of Henry James Thouless, an iron-founder's clerk, and his wife, Bell Maud Bird (née Harper) was born at 48 Grove Avenue, Lakenham, Norwich, on 15 July 1894. He attended the City of Norwich School...

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Verrall [née Merrifield], Margaret de Gaudrion (1857–1916), classicist and parapsychologist, was born on 21 December 1857 at 4 Dorset Gardens, Brighton, the first of two daughters of Frederic Merrifield (1831–1924), barrister, and Maria Angélique de Gaudrion (1824/5–1894).

Margaret Merrifield went originally to ...