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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Michael Maurice Balint (1896–1970) by Dr Edward H. Stein private collection

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See Bobath [née Busse], Berta Ottilie

Article

Davies, David Lewis (1911–1982), psychiatrist, was born on 16 April 1911 at 11 Sycamore Street, Cheetham, Manchester, the son of Harry Davies (d. 1956), a tailor's machinist, and his wife, Annie Ribatzkie (d. 1968). Davies attended Manchester grammar school and from there he won a scholarship to ...

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Eder, (Montague) David (1865–1936), psychoanalyst, was born on 12 August 1865 at 19 Euston Square, London, the eldest of the four children of David Martin Eder, shipping merchant, and his second wife, Esther Burnstein, formerly Soloman. His parents were both Jewish. Eder was educated in ...

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Gross, William Mayer- (1889–1961), psychiatrist, was born on 15 January 1889 in Bingen am Rhein, Germany, the son of Max Mayer, trader, and Mathilde Gross; his forename at birth was Willy. He was educated at a local preparatory school, then at the Gymnasium...

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Hamilton [formerly Himmelschein], Max (1912–1988), psychiatrist, was born on 9 February 1912 at Offenbach, near Frankfurt, Germany, the son of Jewish parents, Heinrich Himmelschein, a metal manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah, née Kleinberg. When Max was three the family emigrated to England...

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Heimann [née Klatzko], Paula Gertrude (1899–1982), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 February 1899 in Danzig, Poland, the fourth and youngest child of Russian Jewish parents. Heimann would later reflect that she was a replacement for a sister who had died; indeed this family background is significant in the context of her subsequent analytic experiences. ...

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Jahoda [married names Lazarsfeld, Albu], Marie [Mitzi] (1907–2001), social psychologist, was born on 26 January 1907 in Vienna, the third of the four children of Carl Jahoda (d. 1926), businessman, and his wife, Betty, née Probst. Her elder brother, Eduard...

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Katz, Sir Bernard (1911–2003), experimental physiologist, was born on 26 March 1911 in Leipzig, Germany, the only child of Max N. Katz, fur trader, and his wife, Eugenie, née Rabinowitz. Until about 1958 he used the spelling Bernhard.

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Sir Bernard Katz (1911–2003) by Nick Sinclair, 1992 © Nick Sinclair; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Klein [née Reizes], Melanie (1882–1960), psychoanalyst, was born on 30 March 1882 at Tiefer Gruben 8, Vienna, the daughter of Moritz Reizes (1828–1900), doctor and dentist, and a Jewish scholar from a rigidly Orthodox Polish family, and Libussa Deutsch (1852–1914), the granddaughter of a liberal rabbi. The youngest of four children, she idolized an older sister who died when ...

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Melanie Klein (1882–1960) by Jane Bown, 1959 © Jane Bown

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Lewis, Sir Aubrey Julian (1900–1975), psychiatrist, was born on 8 November 1900 in Adelaide, South Australia, the only child of George Solomon Lewis, a watchmaker, and Rachel Isaacs, a teacher. The family was a respected part of the local Jewish community. Lewis was an outstanding pupil at the ...

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Miller, Emanuel (1892–1970), psychiatrist, was born on 26 August 1892 at 80 Church Street, Spitalfields, London, the second son in the family of four daughters and three sons of Abram Miller, a dealer in furs, and his wife, Rebecca Finglestein, who were both from Jewish families originating in Russian ...

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F. C. Bartlett

revised by Hugh Series

Myers, Charles Samuel (1873–1946), psychologist, was born in London on 13 March 1873, the eldest son of Wolf Myers, merchant, and his wife, Esther Eugenie Moses. His father's family was principally interested in commerce. From his mother and her family came powerful social, musical, and philosophical influences. As a boy at the ...

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Charles Samuel Myers (1873–1946) by unknown photographer, 1920s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rollin, Henry Rapoport (1911–2014), psychiatrist, was born on 17 November 1911 at 82 Broad Street, Glasgow, the second of four children and the only son of Aaron Rapoport Rollin (1885–1972), a Jewish cabinet maker, and his wife Rebekka, née Sorkin (...

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Rosen, Ismond (1924–1996), psychoanalyst and sculptor, was born on 2 August 1924 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the son of Harry Rosen (1880–1956) and his wife, Dora Zelda, née Goldstein (1890–1951), hoteliers. His parents were Russian Jews who had emigrated to South Africa a few years before his birth. Their success as hoteliers was due in no small part to the help ...

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Sir Martin Roth (1917–2006) by Bassano, 1972 © National Portrait Gallery, London