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Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995), physiologist, was born on 16 October 1927 in Grange Road, Cambridge, the only son and youngest of the three children of Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, and his wife, Hester Agnes Adrian, daughter of ...

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Richard Hume Adrian, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995) by Ian Fleming, 1992 photograph by Ian Fleming

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Brocklehurst, John Charles (1924–2013), geriatrician, was born on 31 May 1924 at 23 Newsham Drive, Liverpool, the son of Harold John Stanley Brocklehurst (1895–1980), electrical engineer and businessman, and his wife, Dorothy, née Harrison (1899–1998), both Baptists, and both from Liverpool. The family moved to ...

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Foster, Sir Michael (1836–1907), physiologist and politician, was born in Huntingdon on 8 March 1836, the eldest child of the three sons and seven daughters of Michael Foster (1810–1880) and his wife, Mercy Cooper. Foster was the descendant of a line of nonconformist farmers in ...

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Sir Michael Foster (1836–1907) by John Collier, 1907 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Haldane, John Scott (1860–1936), physiologist, was born in Edinburgh on 3 May 1860, the fourth, but third surviving, son of Robert Haldane (1805–1877), writer to the signet, of Cloanden (later called Cloan), Auchterarder, Perthshire, and his second wife, Mary Elizabeth (1825–1925), second daughter of ...

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John Scott Haldane (1860–1936) by Philip A. de Laszlo, 1933 The de László Foundation; Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (1914–1998) by Derek Hill, 1975 © Derek Hill; collection Royal Society

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Hodgkin, Sir Alan Lloyd (1914–1998), physiologist, was born on 5 February 1914 at 61 Broughton Road, Banbury, Oxfordshire, the eldest of the three sons of George Lloyd Hodgkin (1880–1918), banker, and his wife, Mary Fletcher, née Wilson (1891–1978), daughter of Henry Wilson and his wife, ...

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Hopkins, Harold Horace (1918–1994), physicist and endoscopist, was born on 6 December 1918 at 76 Argyle Street, Leicester, the youngest of six children of William Ernest Hopkins, a baker's journeyman, and his wife, Teresa Ellen, née Hewitt. The family were hard up, his father often being unemployed in the 1920s and 1930s, but encouraged by his mother ...

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Horsley, Sir Victor Alexander Haden (1857–1916), physiologist and surgeon, was born in 2 Tor Villas, Campden Hill, Kensington, London, on 14 April 1857, the son of John Callcott Horsley (1817–1903), and his second wife, Rosamund Haden (1820–1912), daughter of Charles Haden MD (1786–1824)...

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Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (1857–1916) by unknown photographer Wellcome Library, London

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Keynes, Richard Darwin (1919–2010), physiologist and historian, was born on 14 August 1919 at Grove House, Hollywood Road, Kensington, London, the eldest of the four sons of Sir Geoffrey Langdon Keynes (1887–1982), surgeon, pioneer in blood transfusion, and bibliographer, and his wife, Margaret Elizabeth (1890–1974)...

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Mottram, Vernon Henry (1882–1976), physiologist and nutritionist, was born at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, on 14 March 1882, the youngest of three sons of William Mottram, a Congregational minister, and his second wife, Elizabeth Fruen, a schoolmistress. The family also included two sisters and a half-brother. ...

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Race, Robert Russell (1907–1984), geneticist and serologist, was born on 28 November 1907 at Hull, the eldest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Joseph Dawson Race, a banker, and his wife, May, daughter of Robert Tweddle, a sanitary engineer of ...

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Charles Édouard Brown- Séquard (1817–1894) by unknown engraver, pubd 1894 (after Serendat de Belzim) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Séquard, Charles Édouard Brown- (1817–1894), physiologist and neurologist, was born on 8 April 1817 in Port Louis, Mauritius, the only son of Edward Brown (1784–1817), captain in the United States merchant service, and Charlotte Perrine Henriette, née Séquard (1788–1842). His mother was widowed during pregnancy and could not afford more than a rudimentary education for her son, whom she brought up with the help of her father, an emigrant from ...

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Joseph Sidney Weiner (1915–1982) by unknown photographer, early 1970s Institute of Biological Anthropology

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Weiner, Joseph Sidney (1915–1982), human biologist and environmental physiologist, was born on 29 June 1915 at Nourse Mines in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa, the second of the seven children of Robert Weiner (1885–1966), general dealer, and his wife Fanny (Chana), née Simon (1896–1978)...