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Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995), physiologist, was born on 16 October 1927 in Grange Road, Cambridge, the only son and youngest of the three children of Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, and his wife, Hester Agnes Adrian, daughter of ...

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Richard Hume Adrian, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995) by Ian Fleming, 1992 photograph by Ian Fleming

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Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Brocklehurst, John Charles (1924–2013), geriatrician, was born on 31 May 1924 at 23 Newsham Drive, Liverpool, the son of Harold John Stanley Brocklehurst (1895–1980), electrical engineer and businessman, and his wife, Dorothy, née Harrison (1899–1998), both Baptists, and both from Liverpool. The family moved to ...

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Brown, (William) Michael Court (1918–1968), medical research worker, was born at Scotby, near Carlisle, on 17 April 1918, the only son of James Court Brown, market gardener, and his wife, Jessie Buchanan Hayes. He was educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh, and St Andrews University...

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Maker David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson

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George Combe (1788–1858) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, 1843 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Combe [Comb], George (1788–1858), phrenologist, was born in Livingstone Yards, Edinburgh, on 21 October 1788, one of the seventeen children of George Comb (d. 1815), a brewer, and Marion Newton (d. 1819), who came from a family of tenant farmers. Combe...

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Foster, Sir Michael (1836–1907), physiologist and politician, was born in Huntingdon on 8 March 1836, the eldest child of the three sons and seven daughters of Michael Foster (1810–1880) and his wife, Mercy Cooper. Foster was the descendant of a line of nonconformist farmers in ...

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Sir Michael Foster (1836–1907) by John Collier, 1907 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robert Edmond Grant (1793–1874) by Thomas Herbert Maguire, 1852 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874), comparative anatomist and transmutationist, was born in Edinburgh on 11 November 1793. He was the seventh son in the family of twelve sons and two daughters of Alexander Grant (d. 1808), a wealthy writer to the signet, and ...

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Haldane, John Scott (1860–1936), physiologist, was born in Edinburgh on 3 May 1860, the fourth, but third surviving, son of Robert Haldane (1805–1877), writer to the signet, of Cloanden (later called Cloan), Auchterarder, Perthshire, and his second wife, Mary Elizabeth (1825–1925), second daughter of ...

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John Scott Haldane (1860–1936) by Philip A. de Laszlo, 1933 The de László Foundation; Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (1914–1998) by Derek Hill, 1975 © Derek Hill; collection Royal Society

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Hodgkin, Sir Alan Lloyd (1914–1998), physiologist, was born on 5 February 1914 at 61 Broughton Road, Banbury, Oxfordshire, the eldest of the three sons of George Lloyd Hodgkin (1880–1918), banker, and his wife, Mary Fletcher, née Wilson (1891–1978), daughter of Henry Wilson and his wife, ...

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Hopkins, Harold Horace (1918–1994), physicist and endoscopist, was born on 6 December 1918 at 76 Argyle Street, Leicester, the youngest of six children of William Ernest Hopkins, a baker's journeyman, and his wife, Teresa Ellen, née Hewitt. The family were hard up, his father often being unemployed in the 1920s and 1930s, but encouraged by his mother ...

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Horsley, Sir Victor Alexander Haden (1857–1916), physiologist and surgeon, was born in 2 Tor Villas, Campden Hill, Kensington, London, on 14 April 1857, the son of John Callcott Horsley (1817–1903), and his second wife, Rosamund Haden (1820–1912), daughter of Charles Haden MD (1786–1824)...

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Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (1857–1916) by unknown photographer Wellcome Library, London

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William Hunter (1718–1783) by Allan Ramsay, c. 1764 © Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Hunter, William (1718–1783), physician, anatomist, and man-midwife, was born on 23 May 1718 at Long Calderwood, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, the seventh of ten children of John Hunter (d. 1741), farmer, and Agnes (d. 1751), a woman of wide education, daughter of ...