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Sir (Ernest) Donald Acheson (1926–2010) by Nick Sinclair, 1996 © Nick Sinclair

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Acheson, Sir (Ernest) Donald (1926–2010), medical officer, was born on 17 September 1926 at 74 Osborne Park, Belfast, the younger son of Malcolm King Acheson (d. 1962), a doctor who specialized in public health, and his wife, Dorothy Josephine, née Rennoldson (...

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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Armstrong, Sir Alexander (1818–1899), naval medical officer, descended from a family originally of Cumberland, and from Major-General John Armstrong (1673–1742), was born in Donegal, the son of Alexander Armstrong of Croghan Lodge, co. Fermanagh. He studied medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and at ...

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Neil Arnott (1788–1874) by Smyth (after Jabez Hogg) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Atkins, Sir Hedley John Barnard (1905–1983), surgeon and medical administrator, was born on 30 December 1905 at 59 Addison Gardens, Hammersmith, London, the son of Colonel Sir John Atkins, general practitioner, and his wife, Elizabeth May Smith. He had a privileged upbringing in the family of an outstanding general practitioner and he used well the opportunities which this gave. He was educated at ...

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Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica, was born on 23 November 1881 at Sion Hill, St Vincent, Windward Islands, West Indies, the third of eight children and the second and sole surviving son of Edward Leycester Atkinson, then an accountant at the ...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: 'The Devil, a General,' said the attendant. 'It's a woman. And a woman that has had a child' (...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Beatson, George Steward (1814–1874), army medical officer, third son of Duncan Beatson of Campbeltown, Argyllshire, was born at Greenock in May 1814. He graduated in arts and medicine at Glasgow (MD 1836) and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1836. In 1838 he joined the ...

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D'A. Power

revised by James Falkner

Bellew, Henry Walter (1834–1892), army medical officer, born at Nusserabad in India on 30 August 1834, was the son of Captain Henry Walter Bellew of the Bengal army, assistant quartermaster-general attached to the Kabul army in the First Anglo-Afghan War and the disastrous retreat of 1842. He trained at ...

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Bentley, Charlotte Eliza (1915–1996), nurse and nursing activist, was born on 15 December 1915 at 63 Portland Court, Great Portland Street, London, the daughter of John Richard Bentley, hosier, and Charlotte Emma Redard. After education at a Swiss convent school and secretarial training ...

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Boldero, Sir Harold Esmond Arnison (1889–1960), physician and medical administrator, was born in Maida Vale, London, on 20 August 1889, the elder son of John Boldero, company director, and his wife, Clara Arnison, of Penrith, Cumberland. Boldero was educated at Charterhouse School and at ...

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Bond, Sir (Charles) Hubert (1870–1945), psychiatrist and mental health administrator, was born at the vicarage, Ogbourne St George, Wiltshire, on 6 September 1870, the elder son of the Revd Alfred Bond, who became chaplain to the Worcester County Asylum, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth...

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Brain, Walter Russell, first Baron Brain (1895–1966), physician and medical administrator, was born at Clovelly, Denmark Road, Reading, on 23 October 1895, the only son and elder child of Walter John Brain, solicitor, and his wife, Edith Alice, daughter of Charles Smith, architect. At ...

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Bridges, John Henry (1832–1906), positivist and medical administrator, was born on 11 October 1832 at the vicarage, Old Newton, Suffolk. Slight, fair-haired, and fine-featured, he was the third of five children of the Revd Charles Bridges (1794–1869), a well-known evangelical, and his wife, ...

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Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane, Whitehaven, Cumberland. One of six children, she was the second of three daughters born to ...

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Brownlee, John (1868–1927), public health officer, geneticist, and medical statistician, was born at Rutherglen, Lanarkshire, on 21 June 1868, the elder of the two sons of John Brownlee (1826–1899), Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Mary, née Stevenson (1833–1894). He studied mathematics and natural philosophy at ...