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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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Bobath [née Busse], Berta Ottilie (1907–1991), physiotherapist, was born in Berlin on 5 December 1907, the daughter of Hermann Busse, a Jewish manufacturer of dresses. She trained as a remedial gymnast in Germany, and married Kurt Roehl, from whom she later obtained a divorce; the couple had one son, ...

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Henry Cohen, Baron Cohen of Birkenhead (1900–1977) by Edward Irvine Halliday, 1970 © Charlotte & Stephen Halliday; by kind permission of the Royal Society of Medicine, London

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Cohen, Henry, Baron Cohen of Birkenhead (1900–1977), physician, was born in Birkenhead on 21 February 1900, the youngest of the five children (four boys and one girl) of Isaac Cohen (d. 1939), a draper and a considerable Jewish scholar, of Liverpool, and his wife, ...

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Dreschfeld, Julius (1845–1907), pathologist and physician, was born on 13 October 1845 at Niederwären, near Bamberg, Bavaria, the youngest son in a family of five sons and five daughters of Samuel Dreschfeld, a well-to-do merchant, and his wife, Giedel. His parents were well-respected Orthodox Jews; his father lived until the age of ninety-two, and his mother to ninety-seven. In 1861, after completing his early education at the ...

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Goldberg, Sir Abraham [Abe] (1923–2007), physician, was born at 1 Buccleuch Terrace, Edinburgh, on 7 December 1923, the youngest of five children of Julius Judah Goldberg, Hebrew teacher and travelling salesman, and his wife, Rachel, née Varinofsky. His parents, of Jewish descent, were immigrants from ...

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Greengross [married name Katz, afterwards Kates], Wendy Elsa (1925–2012), general practitioner and broadcaster, was born at 10 St Mary's Road, Golders Green, London, on 29 April 1925, the daughter of Morris Philip Greengross, formerly Moisze Fiszel Gringross (1892–1970), manufacturing jeweller, and his wife, ...

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Hart, Philip Montagu D'Arcy (1900–2006), physician and medical researcher, was born on 25 June 1900 at 18 Pembridge Gardens, Kensington, London, into a cultivated Jewish family, the son of Henry D'Arcy Hart (d. 1938), a barrister who subsequently gave up the law to become a flower painter, and his wife, ...

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Levison, Mordechai Gumpel Schnaber [pseud. George Levison] (1741–1797), physician and theologian, was born in Germany. He studied rabbinics in Berlin with the distinguished Talmudist David Fraenkel as a young man, before departing for London in 1771. He was drawn to England by the wonderful opportunity for a young foreign-born Jew to study at the medical course of the famous surgeon and physiologist ...

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Roderigo Lopez (c. 1517–1594) by Frederik van Hulsen, 1627 [right, with a Spanish gentleman] The British Library

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Lopez [Lopes], Roderigo [Ruy, Roger] (c. 1517–1594), physician and alleged conspirator, was born in Portugal, where his father, António Lopes, was physician to João III. A New Christian, or son of a Jew baptized by force in 1497, he studied at the University of Coimbra...

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Mendes, Fernando Moses (1647–1724), physician and entrepreneur, was born at Trancoso, Beira Alta, Portugal, into a wealthy family of New Christian merchants and officials. He was one of the ten children of António Jacob Mendes da Costa (d. 1716), a merchant, and ...

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Jeremiah Noah Morris (1910–2009) by unknown photographer, c.1970 © London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

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Morris, Jeremiah Noah [Jerry] (1910–2009), physician and epidemiologist, was born at 3 Belgrave Street, West Derby, Liverpool, on 6 May 1910, the eldest of three sons of Nathan Morris, Hebrew scholar, and his wife, Chaia (Annie), née Moselowsky. His father was a refugee from pogroms in ...

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Nunes [Nuñez], Hector [known as Dr Hector] (1520–1591), physician and merchant, was born in Evora, Portugal. His family were among those Jews who had been forcibly baptized in 1497 by order of King Manuel I. He studied medicine at Coimbra University, taking a BA in 1540 and an MB in 1543. Because at this time the ...

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Ribeiro, Samuel [formerly Diogo] Nunes (b. 1667/8, d. in or after 1741), physician, was born and baptized in the parish of Nossa Senhora da Conceição, Idanha a Nova, Portugal, the son of Manuel Henriques Lucena and Maria Nunes, who were of Jewish origin. He qualified as a doctor of medicine after studying at ...

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Samuda, Isaac [Ishac] de Sequeira [formerly Simão Lopes Samuda] (bap. 1681, d. 1729), physician and poet, was baptized in Lisbon in 1681. He was the second son of Rodrigo de Sequeira, merchant, and his wife, Violante Nunes Rosa, who were both of Jewish origin. He was named after his maternal grandfather, ...

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Sarmento, Jacob de Castro [formerly Henrique de Castro] (1692?–1762), physician and scientific writer, was born at Bragança, Portugal, as Henrique, the third son of Francisco de Castro de Almeida (b. 1651/2), tobacco merchant (estanqueiro), and his second wife, ...

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Jacob de Castro Sarmento (1692?–1762) by Richard Houston (after Robert Edge Pine) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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W. P. Courtney

revised by Edgar Samuel

Schomberg, Isaac (1714–1780), physician, eldest son of Meyer Löw Schomberg (1690–1761), and twin brother of Ralph or Raphael Schomberg, was born at Schweinsberg, Germany, on 14 August 1714. He was a pupil at Merchant Taylors' School, London, from 1726 to 1731, and subsequently received a doctorate in medicine from the ...