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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Robert Harrison

revised by Virginia Smith

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, in December 1796. On 20 January 1818 he married at ...

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Dame Harriette Chick (1875–1977) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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H. M. Sinclair

revised by David F. Smith

Chick, Dame Harriette (1875–1977), nutritionist, was born at 5 Newman Street, London, on 6 January 1875, the fifth child and third daughter of the eleven children (four boys and seven girls) of Samuel Chick, a prosperous lace merchant and property owner, and his wife, ...

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Cuthbertson, Sir David Paton (1900–1989), medical researcher and nutritionist, was born on 9 May 1900 in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, the only child of John Cuthbertson MBE FRSE, secretary of the West of Scotland Agricultural College, and his wife, Lilias Ann Bowman, formerly matron of ...

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H. M. Sinclair

revised by Peter Osborne

Drummond, Sir Jack Cecil (1891–1952), nutritional biochemist, was born at Leicester on 12 January 1891, the only child of John Drummond, a retired major of the Royal Horse Artillery, who died the following June. He was brought up by his aunt and her husband, ...

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Grant [née Cruickshank], Doris Margaret Louise (1905–2003), nutritionist, was born on 23 January 1905 in North Sandlaw, Aloah, Banff, Scotland, the youngest in the family of two sons and three daughters of William Cruickshank, a businessman who had returned from China to buy a farm and settle in ...

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Hollingsworth, Dorothy Frances (1916–1994), nutritionist and civil servant, was born on 10 May 1916 at 15 Honister Avenue, Newcastle upon Tyne, the daughter of Arthur Hollingsworth, pharmacist, and his wife, Dorothy Coldwell. After secondary education at Newcastle upon Tyne Church High School she entered ...

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John Lawson Johnston (1839–1900) by Elliott & Fry, pubd 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Johnston, John Lawson (1839–1900), nutrition promoter and food manufacturer, was born in Roslin, Midlothian, Scotland, on 28 September 1839, the eldest son of William Johnston and his wife, Jane, née McWilliam. His father was employed in the nearby gunpowder works until he was injured, after which he worked as a cobbler. ...

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Kodicek, Egon Hynek (1908–1982), biochemist and nutritionist, was born on 3 August 1908 in Kamenny Ujezd, Bohemia, the son of Emma and Samuel Kodicek. In 1915 his father, a doctor, moved with the family to Budweis, as medical chief of the military hospital there. ...

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Leitch, Isabella (1890–1980), nutritional physiologist, was born on 13 February 1890 at Lambreck Cottage, Grantown-on-Spey, Moray, in Scotland. She was the third of six daughters (a son was stillborn) of John Leitch (d. 1907) and his wife, Isabella McLennan. At the time of her birth her father was a postmaster. He resigned when expected to deliver telegrams on the sabbath, and later worked as a marine engineer. ...

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McCarrison, Sir Robert (1878–1960), army medical officer and nutritional physiologist, was born in Portadown, co. Armagh, on 15 March 1878, the second son of Robert McCarrison, a flax buyer, and his wife, Agnes McCullagh. He received his medical education at Queen's College, Belfast...

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Mottram, Vernon Henry (1882–1976), physiologist and nutritionist, was born at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, on 14 March 1882, the youngest of three sons of William Mottram, a Congregational minister, and his second wife, Elizabeth Fruen, a schoolmistress. The family also included two sisters and a half-brother. ...

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Orr, John Boyd, Baron Boyd Orr (1880–1971), nutritional physiologist, was born on 23 September 1880 at Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, the middle child in the family of seven (a sister and two brothers were older and two brothers and a sister younger) of Robert Clark Orr...

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John Boyd Orr, Baron Boyd Orr (1880–1971) by Lida Moser, 1949 courtesy Vincent Cianni Photographs / Lida Moser

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Sinclair, Hugh Macdonald (1910–1990), nutritionist, was born on 4 February 1910 at Duddingston House, Edinburgh, the second son and youngest of four children of Colonel Hugh Montgomerie Sinclair, of the Royal Engineers, and his wife, Rosalie Sybil, daughter of Sir John Jackson, civil engineer and MP. He was educated at ...

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Waterlow, John Conrad (1916–2010), physiologist and nutritionist, was born on 13 June 1916 at 41 Victoria Road, Norwood, London, the only son and second of three children of Sir Sydney Philip Waterlow (1878–1944), diplomat, and his wife, (Helen) Margery, née Eckhard (1884–1973). The ...

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Elsie May Widdowson (1906–2000) by David Reed, 1990 David Reed; © National Portrait Gallery, London