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Adrian, Richard Hume, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995), physiologist, was born on 16 October 1927 in Grange Road, Cambridge, the only son and youngest of the three children of Edgar Douglas Adrian, first Baron Adrian (1889–1977), physiologist, and his wife, Hester Agnes Adrian, daughter of ...

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Richard Hume Adrian, second Baron Adrian (1927–1995) by Ian Fleming, 1992 photograph by Ian Fleming

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Sir Christopher Howard Andrewes (1896–1988) by Walter Stoneman, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrewes, Sir Christopher Howard (1896–1988), virologist, was born on 7 June 1896 in London, the elder child and only son of Sir Frederick William Andrewes (1859–1932), pathologist, and his wife, Phyllis Mary, daughter of John Hamer, publisher. He was educated as a day boy at ...

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Bain, Alexander (1818–1903), psychologist, was born on 11 June 1818, the second child of eight of George Bain, an impoverished Calvinist weaver of Aberdeen, and his wife, Margaret Paul. Bain left school at the age of eleven but, via evening classes at the mechanics' institute and adolescent autodidactic labours, he gained entrance to ...

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Alexander Bain (1818–1903) by Macmahon, 1892 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Banting, Sir Frederick Grant (1891–1941), physician and medical researcher, was born near the town of Alliston, Ontario, Canada, on 14 November 1891, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Thompson Banting (1849–1929), a farmer of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Paul Bruce Beeson (1908–2006) by unknown photographer © reserved; by kind permission of the Yale school of medicine

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Beeson, Paul Bruce (1908–2006), physician, was born at 112 South Sixth Street, Livingston, Montana, USA, on 18 October 1908, the second son of John Bradley Beeson (1872–1969), surgeon and general practitioner, and his wife, Martha Gerard, née Ash (1878–1969), schoolteacher, and daughter of ...

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Bentley, Charlotte Eliza (1915–1996), nurse and nursing activist, was born on 15 December 1915 at 63 Portland Court, Great Portland Street, London, the daughter of John Richard Bentley, hosier, and Charlotte Emma Redard. After education at a Swiss convent school and secretarial training ...

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Billingham, Rupert Everett [Bill] (1921–2002), immunologist, was born on 15 October 1921 at 95 Portway, Warminster, Wiltshire, the only child of Albert Everett Billingham (1889–1977) and his wife, Helen Louise (1888–1978), daughter of Herbert Green. His father's family originated in the industrial Black Country...

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Bourne, Aleck William (1886–1974), obstetrician and gynaecologist, was born into modest circumstances on 4 June 1886 at Rosebank, Whetstone, Finchley, Middlesex, the only son of the Revd William Charles Bourne, a Wesleyan minister, and his wife, Sarah Wilson Palmer. He was educated at ...

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Bridges, John Henry (1832–1906), positivist and medical administrator, was born on 11 October 1832 at the vicarage, Old Newton, Suffolk. Slight, fair-haired, and fine-featured, he was the third of five children of the Revd Charles Bridges (1794–1869), a well-known evangelical, and his wife, ...

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Broadbent, Donald Eric (1926–1993), psychologist, was born on 6 May 1926 at 361 Station Road, Yardley, Birmingham, the youngest of the three children of Herbert Arthur Broadbent (b. c.1890), accountant, and his wife, Hannah Elizabeth (Margie) Williams (1893–1965), a secretary before her marriage. Although born in ...

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Donald Eric Broadbent (1926–1993) by unknown photographer © Margaret Broadbent

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Brocklehurst, John Charles (1924–2013), geriatrician, was born on 31 May 1924 at 23 Newsham Drive, Liverpool, the son of Harold John Stanley Brocklehurst (1895–1980), electrical engineer and businessman, and his wife, Dorothy, née Harrison (1899–1998), both Baptists, and both from Liverpool. The family moved to ...

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Brocklesby, Richard (1722–1797), physician, was the only son of Richard Brocklesby (d. c.1763), of Cork, and his wife, Mary Alloway, of Minehead, Somerset, in which town Brocklesby was born on 11 August 1722. He received his early education in his father's house and, as both parents were Quakers, he was sent at the age of twelve to a Quaker school at ...

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Brown, (William) Michael Court (1918–1968), medical research worker, was born at Scotby, near Carlisle, on 17 April 1918, the only son of James Court Brown, market gardener, and his wife, Jessie Buchanan Hayes. He was educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh, and St Andrews University...

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Burnet, Sir Frank Macfarlane (1899–1985), virologist and immunologist, was born on 3 September 1899 in Traralgon, Gippsland, Victoria, Australia, the second of seven children of Frank Burnet (b. 1856), a banker of Scottish descent, and Hadassah Pollock Mackay (b. 1872), the daughter of a schoolteacher who had also emigrated from ...

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Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet (1899–1985) by Walter Bird, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London