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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Michael Maurice Balint (1896–1970) by Dr Edward H. Stein private collection

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Ballin, Ada Sarah (1862–1906), magazine editor and proprietor, and writer on health, was born on 4 May 1862 at 47 Woburn Place, Bloomsbury, London, first of the three children of Isaac Ballin (c.1811–1897), merchant, and his wife, Annie, née Moss. She was brought up in a Jewish home and educated privately before attending ...

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Baum, John David (1940–1999), paediatrician, was born at 28 Loveday Street, Birmingham, on 23 July 1940 to Isidor Baum (d. 1980), a gown manufacturer's traveller, and his wife, Mary, née Rosenberg (d. 1974), both immigrants from eastern Europe. He had three elder brothers and one younger sister, all of whom developed medical or scientific careers. ...

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Blaschko, Hugh [formerly Karl Felix Hermann] (1900–1993), biochemist and pharmacologist, was born on 4 January 1900 in Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, the only son and second of the three children of Alfred Blaschko (1858–1922), dermatologist and venereologist, and his wife, Johanna (1873–1943), daughter of ...

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Bobath [née Busse], Berta Ottilie (1907–1991), physiotherapist, was born in Berlin on 5 December 1907, the daughter of Hermann Busse, a Jewish manufacturer of dresses. She trained as a remedial gymnast in Germany, and married Kurt Roehl, from whom she later obtained a divorce; the couple had one son, ...

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See Bobath [née Busse], Berta Ottilie

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Borchardt, Louis (1816/17–1883), paediatrician, was born at Landesberg an der Warthe, in Brandenburg, East Prussia, of Jewish parents. He was educated at schools in his native town and at Berlin University. After graduating MD in 1838 he practised in Zörbich and subsequently in ...

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Brodum, William (fl. 1767–1824), quack, claimed to have been born in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany, the son of Abraham and Caroline Brodum. This was thrown into doubt in 1805 by an article in the Medical and Physical Journal which stated that his real name was, in fact, ...

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William Brodum (fl. 1767–1824) by Ezekiel Abraham Ezekiel, pubd 1797 (after G. Barry) Wellcome Library, London

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Edith Bülbring (1903–1990) by Walter Bird Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Bülbring, Edith (1903–1990), pharmacologist and physiologist, was born on 27 December 1903 in Bonn, Germany, the youngest of four children and third daughter of Karl Daniel Bülbring, professor of English at Bonn University, and his wife, Hortense Leonore Kann, a Dutch woman, daughter of a Jewish banker's family in ...

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Henry Cohen, Baron Cohen of Birkenhead (1900–1977) by Edward Irvine Halliday, 1970 © Charlotte & Stephen Halliday; by kind permission of the Royal Society of Medicine, London

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Cohen, Henry, Baron Cohen of Birkenhead (1900–1977), physician, was born in Birkenhead on 21 February 1900, the youngest of the five children (four boys and one girl) of Isaac Cohen (d. 1939), a draper and a considerable Jewish scholar, of Liverpool, and his wife, ...

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Davies, David Lewis (1911–1982), psychiatrist, was born on 16 April 1911 at 11 Sycamore Street, Cheetham, Manchester, the son of Harry Davies (d. 1956), a tailor's machinist, and his wife, Annie Ribatzkie (d. 1968). Davies attended Manchester grammar school and from there he won a scholarship to ...

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Doniach [née Abileah], Deborah (1912–2004), immunologist, was born on 6 April 1912 in Geneva, Switzerland, the eldest of the three daughters of Arieh Abileah (1885–1985), a Ukranian-born concert pianist and accompanist of the violinist Josef Szigeti, and his wife, Fée Héltès (1886–1983)...

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Dreschfeld, Julius (1845–1907), pathologist and physician, was born on 13 October 1845 at Niederwären, near Bamberg, Bavaria, the youngest son in a family of five sons and five daughters of Samuel Dreschfeld, a well-to-do merchant, and his wife, Giedel. His parents were well-respected Orthodox Jews; his father lived until the age of ninety-two, and his mother to ninety-seven. In 1861, after completing his early education at the ...

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Durlacher, Lewis (1792–1864), chiropodist, was born probably in Warwickshire, the son of Solomon Abraham Durlacher (1757–1845), chiropodist and dentist, and his wife, Elizabeth Harris. He learnt the craft of chiropody from his father, in Bath, Somerset. About 1816 Durlacher commenced practice at 22 St James's Street, London...

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Eder, (Montague) David (1865–1936), psychoanalyst, was born on 12 August 1865 at 19 Euston Square, London, the eldest of the four children of David Martin Eder, shipping merchant, and his second wife, Esther Burnstein, formerly Soloman. His parents were both Jewish. Eder was educated in ...