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Adamson, Thomas (fl. 1680), military writer, was the author of England's Defence: a Treatise Concerning Invasion, published in 1680, in which he was described as master gunner of His Majesty's Train of Artillery. His background is unknown.

England's Defence consists principally of a text by ...

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See Adye, Stephen Payne

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Sidney Lee

revised by Alastair W. Massie

Ancell, Samuel (1755/6–1802), military writer, was born in Wapping, Middlesex; nothing is known of his parents. An engraver by trade, in 1772 he enlisted in the army, and on 19 April 1777, aged twenty-one, he was drafted at Chatham from the 15th to the ...

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Barriffe, William (1599/1600–1643), military writer and parliamentarian army officer, was probably born in London, the son of William Barriffe, cordwainer in the city, and his wife, Florence, née Pope. On 14 January 1621 at St Gregory by Paul, London, he married Anne Rundell...

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Barry, Gerat (d. 1646), army officer in the Spanish service and military writer, was probably the individual of that name who embarked from Kinsale with the Spanish forces in March 1601 in the company of his father, David Fitz Garrot Barry of Rincorran...

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Bartlett, Ellis Ashmead- (1881–1931), war correspondent, was born at 57 Grosvenor Street, London, on 11 February 1881, the eldest son of Sir Ellis Ashmead Bartlett (1849–1902), a Conservative MP, and his wife, Frances Christina, née Walsh (1851/2–1929). The family mixed in and scandalized high society. His uncle ...

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Ellis Ashmead- Bartlett (1881–1931) by George Charles Beresford, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bidwell, (Reginald George) Shelford (1913–1996), army officer and military historian, was born on 12 August 1913 at Brooklyn, Sydenham Avenue, Beckenham, Kent, the son of an Indian army officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Reginald Frank Bidwell (1868–1936), and his wife, Mabel Alice Graves, née Petley (1878–1948)...

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Blair, Claude (1922–2010), museum curator and scholar of arms and armour, was born on 30 November 1922 at Westonby, Edge Lane, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester, the only child of William Henry Murray Blair (1875–1945), cotton-goods salesman, and his wife, Lilian, née Wearing (1891–1983). At the time of his birth his parents lived at ...

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Bouquet, Henry (1719–1765), army officer and military writer, was born at Rolle in the Pays de Vaud, Switzerland. In 1736 he joined the regiment of Constant in the service of the states general of the United Provinces as a cadet, and in 1738 became an ensign. He distinguished himself while serving with the Sardinian forces in the War of the Austrian Succession, and in 1748 was appointed captain-commandant and lieutenant-colonel of a new regiment of ...

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Cairnes, William Elliot (1862–1902), army officer and military writer, was born at Galway on 18 September 1862, to an old family of Scottish descent, the son of John Elliot Cairnes (1823–1875), economist and professor at University College, London, and his wife, Eliza Charlotte...

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Cannon, Richard (1779–1865), civil servant and military historian, was educated at Christ's Hospital, London. On 1 January 1802 he was appointed to a clerkship at the Horse Guards, one of fifteen clerks administering the adjutant-general's department. In 1805 he was made principal clerk of the adjutant-general's office, which appointment he held for nearly fifty years. Reputedly, ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by James Lunt

Carter, Thomas (d. 1867), military writer, entered in April 1839 as a temporary clerk at the Horse Guards, Whitehall, London, and subsequently rose to the position of first-class clerk in the adjutant-general's office, a post he held until his death. He assisted Richard Cannon...

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Chesney, Charles Cornwallis (1826–1876), army officer and military historian, was a nephew of General Francis Rawdon Chesney, in whose house he was born, and to whom he owed his first advance in life. He was the son of another Charles Cornwallis Chesney (1791–1830)...

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Chichester, Henry Manners (1832–1894), army officer and military historian, born in London, was son of a barrister of Lincoln's Inn. He entered the army in 1853 and became lieutenant in the 85th regiment (the Shropshire light infantry). For ten years he served abroad with the regiment, chiefly at ...

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Clerke, Thomas Henry Shadwell (1792–1849), army officer and military journalist, was born at Bandon, co. Cork. Intended for the army, a profession also adopted by his brothers, St John Augustus Clerke, who died a lieutenant-general and colonel in the 75th foot on 17 January 1870, and ...

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John Adam Cramb (1861–1913) by unknown photographer, c. 1911 A & C Black Ltd / © reserved

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Cramb [Cram], John Adam (1861–1913), historian and defence publicist, was born at Denny in Stirlingshire on 4 May 1861, the fourth child and second son of David Cram, who after failing in a photography and lithographic printing business worked as a carpenter, and of his wife, ...

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Cruso, John (fl. 1595–1655), poet and military writer, was born in Norwich before 1595, the son of John Cruso, a cloth merchant and church elder, and his wife, Jane Verlincke. His parents had fled Hondschote in Flanders during the 1570s or 1580s. As the eldest son, ...

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Drinkwater, John [later John Drinkwater Bethune] (1762–1844), army officer and military historian, was born at Latchford, near Warrington, on 9 June 1762, the eldest son of John Drinkwater, a medical practitioner at Salford (then a suburb of Manchester) and formerly a ...