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Berry, (Henry) Seymour, Baron Buckland (1877–1928), financier and coal industrialist, was born at 73 Lower Thomas Street, Merthyr Tudful, on 17 September 1877, the eldest of three sons of John Mathias Berry (d. 1917), JP, estate agent and valuer, of Gwaelod-y-garth, Merthyr Tudful...

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Bushell, Thomas (b. before 1600, d. 1674), mining entrepreneur and mint-master, was born into a minor gentry family of Cleeve Prior, near Evesham, in Worcestershire. In Aubrey's words he had a good wit and a working and contemplative head; but his education was neglected—he admits an ignorance of Latin in the first of his many pamphlets, ...

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Caldcleugh, Alexander (1795–1858), businessman and traveller, was born on 17 June 1795 in London (where he was baptized at St Olave's, Hart Street), the only son and fourth of five children of Alexander Caldcleugh (d. 1809), shipowner and merchant, of Broad Green, Croydon, Surrey...

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Duncan, Sir John Norman Valette [Val] (1913–1975), international mining executive, was born on 18 July 1913, at Pinner, Middlesex, the eldest of four children of Norman Duncan, barrister, and his wife, Gladys Marguerite Dauvergne Valette. From 1927 to 1932 he was educated at ...

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Foulis, Thomas (c. 1560–1628), goldsmith, financier, and mining entrepreneur, was a younger son of Henry Foulis of Colinton (d. 1571), an advocate, and his wife, Margaret Haldane (fl. 1545–1560). He became a goldsmith of Edinburgh in 1581, after an apprenticeship to the wealthy ...

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Gage, Joseph Edward (c. 1687–1766), adventurer, the younger son of Joseph Gage (1652–1700) and his wife, Elizabeth Penruddock (d. 1693), was born about 1687. His father, the third son of Sir Thomas Gage, of Firle, Sussex, inherited Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire, about 1682 on the death of his aunt ...

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Gibbons family (per. c. 1735–1863), ironmasters, colliery proprietors, and bankers came to prominence with John Gibbons (1703–1778), who was active as an ironmonger by the mid-1730s. By origin the family were yeoman farmers who steadily acquired modest amounts of land in the parish of ...

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Gibbs, William (1790–1875), businessman and religious philanthropist, was born on 22 May 1790 at 6 Calle de Cantarranas, Madrid, Spain, the second son of Antony Gibbs (1756–1815), merchant, and his wife, Dorothea Barnetta, née Hucks (1760–1820). The judge and politician Sir Vicary Gibbs...

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William Gibbs (1790–1875) by unknown photographer, 1862–3 © reserved

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Herbert, Lady Mary (1686–1775), speculator and mining entrepreneur, was the eldest of the six children born to William Herbert, second marquess of Powis (1657x61–1745), and his wife, Mary (b. after 1664, d. 1724), elder daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas Preston, baronet...

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Hindley, John Scott, Viscount Hyndley (1883–1963), businessman and coal industry administrator, was born in Margate on 24 October 1883, the son of the Revd William Talbot Hindley (1845–1906), vicar of Holy Trinity, Margate, and his wife, Caroline, daughter of John Scott. He was educated from 1899 to 1901 at ...

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See Joel, Solomon Barnato

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Joel, Solomon Barnato (1865–1931), financier, was born on 21 December 1865, at 8 Sandys Row, Spitalfields, in the East End of London, the youngest of three sons of Joel Joel (d. 1893), cigar manufacturer and publican, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of ...

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Solomon Barnato Joel (1865–1931) by Bassano, 1914 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Llewellyn, Sir David Richard, first baronet (1879–1940), coal owner and financier, was born on 9 March 1879 at Bwllfa House, Aberdâr, the eldest son of Alderman Rees Llewellyn of Bwllfa House, and his wife, Elizabeth. The father was a renowned mining engineer, who had successfully reorganized the ...

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Mackworth, Sir Humphry (1657–1727), industrial entrepreneur and politician, was born in January 1657 at Betton Strange or Grange, Little Betton, Shropshire, the second son of Thomas Mackworth (c.1628–1696), landowner, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Richard Bulkeley of Buntingsdale, Shropshire. The ...

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Prain, Sir Ronald Lindsay (1907–1991), businessman, was born on 3 September 1907 in Iquiqui, Chile, the elder child of Arthur Lindsay Prain (1879–1965), nitrates manager, and his wife, Amy Gertrude, née Watson (1878–1958). His maternal grandfather was Charles Watson, business partner of 'honest' ...

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Williams, John (1753–1841), mining entrepreneur and banker, was born on 23 September 1753 in Lower Cusgarne, Cornwall, the eldest son of Michael Williams (1730–1775) and his wife, Susanna (1732–1814), granddaughter of John Harris of Higher Cusgarne and his wife, Elizabeth, only daughter of ...