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Article

H. M. Vibart

revised by James Falkner

Adams, James Williams (1839–1903), army chaplain, born on 24 November 1839 in Cork, was the only son of James O'Brien Adams, magistrate of Cork (d. 1854), and his wife, Elizabeth Williams. Educated at Hamlin and Porter's School, on the South Mall, Cork...

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James Williams Adams (1839–1903) by unknown photographer, in or after 1881 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

Article

Ancliffe, Charles William (1880–1952), military bandmaster and composer, was born in co. Kildare, Ireland, the son of John Benjamin Ancliffe, bandmaster of the 13th regiment (Somerset light infantry) from 1894 to 1906. He received a musical education from John Hele and at the ...

Article

Anthony, Anthony (d. 1563), military administrator, was the son of William Anthony (d. 1535), a Fleming who was made denizen in 1503, and his wife, Joan. William was a citizen and brewer of London; his premises, The Ship in East Smithfield, passed to ...

Article

Apsley, Sir Allen (1566/7–1630), naval and military administrator, was a younger son of John Apsley of Pulborough, Sussex, and of his wife, Elizabeth (née Shelley). His daughter, Lucy Hutchinson, portrayed him as coming to court as a young man, losing heavily at gaming, and enlisting with the navy victualler in the ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

Article

Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

Article

Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

Article

Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: 'The Devil, a General,' said the attendant. 'It's a woman. And a woman that has had a child' (...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Beatson, George Steward (1814–1874), army medical officer, third son of Duncan Beatson of Campbeltown, Argyllshire, was born at Greenock in May 1814. He graduated in arts and medicine at Glasgow (MD 1836) and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1836. In 1838 he joined the ...

Article

Bertie, Charles (1640/41–1711), diplomat and treasurer of the ordnance, was the fifth son of Montague Bertie, second earl of Lindsey (1607/8–1666), and his first wife, Martha (bap. 1605, d. 1641), daughter of Sir William Cokayne of Rushton, Northamptonshire, and the widow of ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by David Gates

Bisset, Sir John (1774–1854), commissariat officer, was born in Perth. He served in the commissariat (the civil department, which provided the army with transport, food, and forage, and kept the stores) in Britain from 1795 to 1800, in Germany from May 1800 to June 1802, in ...

Article

Blair, Dame Emily Mathieson (1890–1963), nurse and nursing administrator, was born on 12 January 1890 at Boghead, Lenzie, Kirkintilloch, daughter of Hugh Blair, muslin manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Croll. Blair trained as a nurse at the Western Infirmary, Glasgow, from 1912 to 1916. In July 1916 she was appointed ward sister at the ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Borland, James (1774–1863), army physician, was born at Ayr, Scotland, in April 1774. He joined the army medical department as a hospital assistant on 20 December 1790, becoming surgeon's mate in the Royal Highland regiment in 1792, and took part in the duke of York's...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by Patrick Wallis

Broughton, Samuel Daniel (1787–1837), military surgeon, the fourth and youngest son of Thomas Broughton, rector of St Peter's, Bristol, and his wife, Jane, was born in Bristol in July 1787. Thomas Duer Broughton (1778–1835) was his brother. Samuel was educated at Bristol grammar school...

Article

A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Katherine Prior

Brown, David (1762–1812), East India Company chaplain, was the son of Francis Brown, a prosperous farmer of Driffield Greets, Yorkshire. He was educated privately at Scarborough and then at Hull grammar school and Magdalene College, Cambridge. In February 1785, his studies incomplete, he accepted the post of superintendent of the ...

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Dame Sidney Jane Browne (1850–1941) by Langfier © National Portrait Gallery, London