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Adams, Andrew Leith (1827–1882), army surgeon and naturalist, born on 21 March 1827, was the son of Francis Adams (1796–1861), surgeon, and his wife, Elspeth Shaw (d. 1845). Appointed army surgeon in 1848, Adams joined the 22nd (Cheshire) regiment and was posted to ...

Article

H. M. Vibart

revised by James Falkner

Adams, James Williams (1839–1903), army chaplain, born on 24 November 1839 in Cork, was the only son of James O'Brien Adams, magistrate of Cork (d. 1854), and his wife, Elizabeth Williams. Educated at Hamlin and Porter's School, on the South Mall, Cork...

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James Williams Adams (1839–1903) by unknown photographer, in or after 1881 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

Article

Ancliffe, Charles William (1880–1952), military bandmaster and composer, was born in co. Kildare, Ireland, the son of John Benjamin Ancliffe, bandmaster of the 13th regiment (Somerset light infantry) from 1894 to 1906. He received a musical education from John Hele and at the ...

Article

Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

Article

Anderson, Sir William (1835–1898), director-general of the Royal Ordnance factories, was born in St Petersburg on 5 January 1835, the fourth son of John Anderson, a member of the firm of Matthews, Anderson & Co., bankers and merchants of St Petersburg, and his wife, ...

Article

Anthony, Anthony (d. 1563), military administrator, was the son of William Anthony (d. 1535), a Fleming who was made denizen in 1503, and his wife, Joan. William was a citizen and brewer of London; his premises, The Ship in East Smithfield, passed to ...

Article

Apsley, Sir Allen (1566/7–1630), naval and military administrator, was a younger son of John Apsley of Pulborough, Sussex, and of his wife, Elizabeth (née Shelley). His daughter, Lucy Hutchinson, portrayed him as coming to court as a young man, losing heavily at gaming, and enlisting with the navy victualler in the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Armstrong, Sir Alexander (1818–1899), naval medical officer, descended from a family originally of Cumberland, and from Major-General John Armstrong (1673–1742), was born in Donegal, the son of Alexander Armstrong of Croghan Lodge, co. Fermanagh. He studied medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and at ...

Article

Babtie, Sir William (1859–1920), army medical officer, was born at 75 West Bridgend, Dumbarton, Scotland, on 7 May 1859, the son of John Babtie, a druggist, and later provost of Dumbarton, and his wife, Janet, eldest daughter of William McLeod, a wood merchant. The civil engineer ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

Article

Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

Article

Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: 'The Devil, a General,' said the attendant. 'It's a woman. And a woman that has had a child' (...

Article

Beale, Dame Doris Winifred (1889–1971), nurse, was born on 9 August 1889 at 42 London Road, Sydenham, London, the daughter of George Beale, master draper, and his wife, Annie Maria, formerly King. Doris was educated at Prendergast School, Lewisham, and on leaving school she worked as a clerk before eventually embarking on nurse training at the ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Beatson, George Steward (1814–1874), army medical officer, third son of Duncan Beatson of Campbeltown, Argyllshire, was born at Greenock in May 1814. He graduated in arts and medicine at Glasgow (MD 1836) and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1836. In 1838 he joined the ...