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Aspinwall, William (d. in or after 1662), merchant and separatist leader in America, possibly came from the north-west of England. Nothing is definitely known of his birth or early life, though his later activities give evidence of his having been well educated. His work in ...

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Blackadder, Adam (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696), merchant and writer on covenanting, was probably born in the parish of Troqueer, near Dumfries, the second son of John Blackadder (1615/1623?–1686), the minister there, and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688). Among his brothers were ...

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Boddington, George (1646–1719), merchant and Independent lay leader, was born on 15 October 1646, the first surviving son of George Boddington (1611–1671), packer, of St Margaret, Lothbury, London, and Hannah, daughter of Thomas Adams, of Philpot Lane, St Clement, Eastcheap, London. He was educated at various schools in ...

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Canynges, William (1402–1474), merchant and ecclesiastical benefactor, was one of the younger of seven children of John Canynges, clothier and merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Joan Wotton. He was born into a notably successful Bristol family. William Canynges (d. 1396) was a wealthy clothier who was five times mayor of ...

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Culverwell family (per. c. 1545–c. 1640), merchants and religious radicals, descended from William Culverwell of Wells, Somerset, and his wife (née Berney), who produced a remarkable family during the reign of Henry VIII. It included five surviving sons, three of whom gravitated to ...

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See Culverwell family

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Dermot [later MacDermot], Anthony (c. 1708–1784), merchant and Roman Catholic activist, was born probably in the parish of St Michan, Dublin, the son of Christopher Dermot (d. 1727), merchant, and his wife, Mary. No information has been discovered with regard to his education. He married ...

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Elam, Gervase (1681–1771), merchant and Quaker minister, was born on 3 October 1681 at Heath, Skircoates Moor, Halifax, the only child of John Elam (1639/40–1730), a card-maker, and his second wife, Katherine (d. 1682) of Kendal, daughter of Gervase Benson of Borratt, Sedbergh...

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Ferrar, Nicholas (1593–1637), religious writer and administrator, was born in the city of London on 22 February 1593 and was baptized on 28 February at St Mary's, Stayning Lane. He was the fifth of six surviving children of Nicholas Ferrar (1544/5–1620), a successful merchant adventurer and master of the ...

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Furly, Benjamin (1636–1714), merchant and religious writer, was born on 13 April 1636 at Colchester, Essex, the fifth son of a linen draper, John Furly (c.1590–1673), later alderman and mayor of Colchester, and his wife, Ann. He was admitted to Colchester School...

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Godric of Finchale [St Godric of Finchale] (c. 1070–1170), trader and hermit, was born at Walpole in Norfolk to a poor, Anglo-Saxon, farming couple. His father's name was Æilward, his mother's Aedwen (Eadwenna), and he was subsequently joined by a brother, William, and a sister, ...

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Hardcastle, Joseph (1752–1819), merchant and evangelical activist, was born in Leeds on 7 December 1752, the younger son of John Hardcastle (fl. 1720–1766) and his wife, née Snowden, whose forename is unknown (d. 1787). In 1766 he came to London to live with his uncle, ...

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See Hart, Aaron [Uri Feibusch, Uri ben Rav Hirz Hamburger]

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Heton, George (b. c. 1515, d. in or after 1598), merchant and religious activist, was described in the memorial inscription of his son Martin Heton, bishop of Ely, as (armiger (esquire)), and as descended from the family of Heton of Lancashire...

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Heton, Thomas (b. c. 1520, d. in or after 1587), merchant and religious activist, was probably the Thomas Etton made free of the Mercers' Company in 1539 as late apprentice of William Locke. Such a date suggests he was born about 1520. The memorial inscription of his nephew ...

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Jeake, Samuel (1652–1699), merchant and astrologer, was born on 4 July 1652 at Rye, Sussex, the first son of Samuel Jeake the elder (1623–1690), lawyer and nonconformist preacher, and his wife, Frances Hartridge (d. 1654), daughter of Thomas and Mary Hartridge. His siblings all died in infancy, and as an only son he lived alone with his father until his marriage in 1680. His father was a major figure in the religious life of ...

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Matheson, Hugh Mackay (1821–1898), overseas trader and Presbyterian lay supporter, was born on 23 April 1821 in Edinburgh, son of Duncan Matheson (1784–1838), advocate and afterwards presiding magistrate of Edinburgh, and his wife, Annabella (1796×9–1829), daughter of Thomas Farquharson of Howden. He had an elder brother and two sisters. He was educated in ...

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Mead, William (c. 1627–1713), Quaker patron and merchant, lived in London, where he became a prosperous linen draper and merchant; he was also a member of the Company of Merchant Taylors. He served as captain of a trained band and was a Seeker in religion, joining the presbyterians and Independents among others before finally becoming a Quaker early in 1670. Later that year, on 14 August, he was present at a large and crowded meeting in ...

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Russell, William (1740–1818), merchant and reformer, was born in Birmingham on 11 November 1740, the eldest son of Thomas Russell (1696–1760), ironmaster and merchant, and his wife, Frances (1713–1767), daughter of Thomas Pougher of Leicester. He was educated for a mercantile life. There were several ...