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See Barlow [Finch], William

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Alfred Goodwin

revised by Peter C. Mancall

Battel, Andrew (b. 1560s?, d. in or after 1613), traveller and trader, was probably born in Leigh, Essex; his parents are unknown. According to Samuel Purchas, a former neighbour in Essex, who published an account of his experiences, Battel sailed from Plymouth on 7 May 1589 on a voyage under the direction of ...

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Binney, Sir (Frederick) George (1900–1972), explorer and blockade runner, was born on 23 September 1900 at Great Bookham, Surrey, the second of two sons of Maximilian Frederick Breffit Binney (1859–1936), vicar of Richmond, Surrey, and his first wife, Emily Blinkhorn, who died when ...

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Bond, Martin (1558?–1643), merchant, was the third or fourth son of William Bond (d. 1576), an alderman of London and merchant adventurer, who was sheriff in 1567. It is unclear whether he was the Martin Bond who, in 1572, was admitted to ...

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See Bond, Martin

Image

Frederick Russell Burnham (1861–1947) by Elliott & Fry, 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burnham, Frederick Russell (1861–1947), scout and prospector, was born on 11 May 1861 in Tivoli, Minnesota, the elder son of Edwin Otway Burnham (d. 1873), Congregational minister and missionary, and his wife, Rebecca, née Russell, both of English descent. The family moved to ...

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Cadell, Francis (1822–1879), riverine explorer and trader in Australia, was born on 9 February 1822 at Cockenzie, near Prestonpans, East Lothian, Scotland, the second son of Hew Francis Cadell, a mine owner and shipbuilder. After education in Edinburgh and at Cuxhaven in Germany...

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Francis Cadell (1822–1879) by unknown photographer La Trobe Picture Collection, State Library of Victoria

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Chardin, Sir John [Jean] (1643–1712), traveller and merchant, was born in Paris on 16 November 1643 and baptized on 24 November at the protestant temple at Charenton, near Paris, the eldest son of Daniel Chardin, a merchant-jeweller in the place Dauphiné in Paris...

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See Radisson, Pierre-Esprit [called Oninga]

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Claypoole, James (1634–1687), merchant and pioneer settler in America, was born in December 1634 at Northborough Manor, Northamptonshire, the ninth of the fourteen children of John Claypoole or Claypole, a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary Angell, the daughter of a wealthy London...

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Crab, John (c. 1280–c. 1352), pirate and merchant, was probably born in Muiden in Flanders. Active as a pirate from at least 1306, he was the most notorious of the Flemish privateers who preyed on English shipping during the Scottish War of Independence. His nephew ...

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Dillon, Peter (1788–1847), adventurer in the south seas, was born on 15 June 1788 on Martinique, the son of an Irishman, Peter Dillon, probably a soldier stationed on the island. About 1806 Dillon appears to have sailed for Calcutta and he later traded sandalwood between the ...

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Eldred, Thomas (1561–1624), mariner and merchant, was born in Brook Street, St Mary Quay, Ipswich, Suffolk, on 24 October 1561 and was baptized at St Mary Quay Church on 8 November following. He was the second, and eldest surviving, of the six sons of ...

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by S. Searight

Elton, John (d. 1751), merchant and adventurer, is of unknown origins. He arrived in Russia in 1732 to present to the Russian government a memorandum for finding a northern sea passage to Japan. In 1735 the Russian government sent him with an official expedition, with ...

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Enderby family (per. c. 1750–1876), whale and seal oil merchants and promoters of Antarctic exploration, came to prominence in the early 1750s, when the firm of Samuel Enderby & Sons is recorded as oil merchants trading from Paul's Wharf, Thames Street, in the ...

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See Enderby family

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Fenner, George (c. 1540–1618), merchant and privateer, is of unknown parentage. However, the name Fenner was common in west Sussex, and the family into which he was born has been described variously as a mercantile clan in Chichester itself, or as a minor but armigerous gentry family based at ...

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Fitch, Ralph (1550?–1611), merchant and traveller, whose origins and date of birth are obscure, is first heard of when, by the age of twenty-four or twenty-five, he completed an apprenticeship in London and became a member of the Leathersellers' Company. In 1575 the company extended a loan of ...