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Andrews, William (1835–1914), industrial designer, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in Coventry on 17 March 1835, the only son of three children of James and Isabella Andrews. His father was a Scot, a former regular soldier, and small businessman of Coventry. Andrews attended ...

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See Women in trade and industry in York

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Berisford, Charles (1830–1898), silk manufacturer, was born at Buglawton, Cheshire, the seventh of eleven children and fourth son of Isaac Berisford (1794–1854), toll-keeper turned farmer, and his wife, Alice, née Bonsall (1798–1860), formerly of Monyash. Charles started work when he was nine, presumably in textiles like his brothers. He was so small he had to stand on a stool to work. Later he was formally apprenticed, possibly to ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Delia Gaze

Carter, John (1815–1850), silk weaver and draughtsman, was born in Coggeshall, Essex, on 31 July 1815, the son of a labourer. After attending the local school he went to a charity school for two years, from 1828. Although he showed signs of artistic talent, his social circumstances prevented him from developing his gifts. He was subsequently apprenticed to ...

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Cotchett, Thomas (bap. 1677, d. in or after 1713), silk-throwing mill owner, was baptized at Mickleover on 16 April 1677, one of six children of Thomas Cotchett (bap. 1640, d. 1713/14), a barrister at Gray's Inn, and his first wife, Hannah Biddle (...

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Courtauld, Samuel (1793–1881), silk manufacturer, was born in Albany, New York, USA, on 1 June 1793, the eldest son of George Courtauld (1761–1823) and Ruth, daughter of Stephen Minton of Cork. The Courtaulds had come to England as Huguenot refugees at the end of the seventeenth century where for three generations they worked and prospered as silversmiths in ...

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Deloney, Thomas (d. in or before 1600), silkweaver and writer, is thought to have been born in Norwich; his surname is of French origin, and Flemish and French protestant refugees had been settling in Norfolk in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, working in the cloth trades. In addition, the first known ballad by ...

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See Dollond family

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Dyke [née Bond], (Millicent) Zoë, Lady Dyke (1896–1975), pioneer of British sericulture, was born on 6 February 1896 at 9 Manor Road, Leyton, Essex, the daughter of Barnabas Mayston Bond, medical practitioner, and his wife, Eliza Josephine Luxon. She was the youngest of four children. The family moved to ...

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See Ferrar, John

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See Women traders and artisans in London

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

Article

See Lombe, Sir Thomas

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R. B. Prosser

revised by Maxwell Craven and Susan Christian

Lombe, Sir Thomas (1685–1739), merchant and inventor of silk-throwing machinery, eldest son of Henry Lombe, worsted weaver, of Norwich, was born at Norwich on 5 September 1685. The father died about 1695, leaving his sons Thomas and Henry under the care of his executors, while the surviving younger son ...

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Nicholson, Joshua (1812–1885), silk manufacturer, was born on 26 October 1812 at Luddendenfoot near Halifax, Yorkshire, the youngest son of Joshua Nicholson, a builder, and his wife, Rachel (née Kitchen), and baptized at Warley Congregational Church on 25 July 1813. He was apprenticed to a well-known ...

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See Women traders and artisans in London

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Sabatier, John (1712/13–1780), silk weaver, was baptized Jean Sabatier, the son of Jean Sabatier (d. 1745), a silk weaver. His exact date and place of birth are unknown; the family arrived in England as Huguenot refugees and settled in the district of ...

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See Women traders and artisans in London

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Six, James (1730–1793), silk weaver and natural philosopher, was born in Canterbury, Kent, on 30 January 1730, and baptized there in the Walloon church on 26 February. He was the son of James Six (1695–1743) and his wife, Ester, daughter of Louis Ducaufour...

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Wallis, William (fl. 1824–1830), silk weaver and radical leader, is a figure about whom little is known except his involvement in radical artisan politics in Spitalfields in London. He was not by origin from Spitalfields but by the mid-1820s was a leading figure in the campaigns and organizations of the silk weavers there....