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Caesar [Gaius Julius Caesar] (100–44 bc), politician, author, and military commander, was born on 13 Quinctilis (July) 100 bc, probably at Rome, the son of Gaius Julius Caesar, a patrician of old but recently undistinguished family whose brother-in-law was Gaius Marius, and Aurelia...

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Calgacus [Galgacus] (fl. c. ad 83/4), chieftain in Caledonia, was the British war leader whom Tacitus represents as exhorting the confederate host which opposed a Roman army under Cn. Julius Agricola at the battle of 'Mons Graupius'. The site of this conflict, in which upwards of (reportedly) 30,000 native troops united to defend ...

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Makoni, Mutota (c. 1835–1896), anti-colonial warrior, is believed to have been born in the Maungwe region, later overlapping with the Makoni district, some 50 miles north-west of Mutare in Mashonaland. Centred on a succession of stone-built villages, whose complex fortifications impressed the British hunter ...

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Mapondera, Kadungure (1840s–1904), warrior chief in Africa, was born at Nyota, a mountain stronghold of the Negomo dynasty, in what is now northern Mashonaland, Zimbabwe. Mapondera's mother, Mwera, was a mhondwa, a slave wife, but there is no agreement as to who his father was. Some accounts favour ...

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Te Rauparaha (d. 1849), Maori chief and war leader, was said to have been born shortly before Captain James Cook visited New Zealand, perhaps in 1768, at Te Taharoa, south of Kawhia, on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand...

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Te Rauparaha (d. 1849) by John Alexander Gilfillan, c. 1842 Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa

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Te Wherowhero, Potatau (c. 1775–1860), Maori king and war leader, was born in the late eighteenth century, possibly between 1770 and 1780, and probably in central Waikato in the North Island of New Zealand. He was the eldest son of the Waikato war leader and (...