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Baxter, Sir David, baronet (bap. 1793, d. 1872), linen manufacturer and benefactor, was born in Dundee and baptized there on 24 March 1793, the second son of William Baxter (1767–1854), linen merchant, of Balgavies, and his wife, Elisabeth (Betty) Gorell (d. 1804)...

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Coulson, William (1739–1801), linen manufacturer, was born at Lisburn, co. Antrim. His father may have been Richard Coulson, and there is some evidence to suggest that his ancestors were English settlers in co. Tyrone during the early seventeenth century. Coulson was one of the few eighteenth-century linen manufacturers in ...

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(Samuel-)Louis Crommelin (1652–1727) by unknown artist, c. 1690–95 photograph © Ulster Museum. Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of the Trustees of the National Museums & Galleries of Northern Ireland

Article

Crommelin, (Samuel-)Louis [Samuel-Lewis] (1652–1727), linen manufacturer, was born in May 1652 at Armandcourt, near St Quentin, Picardy, the son of Louis Crommelin and his wife, Mary (Marie), née Mettayer. The Crommelin family had long been landowners and flax growers in the region. Louis Crommelin...

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Ewart, Sir William, first baronet (1817–1889), linen manufacturer, politician, and philanthropist, was born on 11 November 1817 in Sydenham, on the outskirts of Belfast, the eldest son of William Ewart (1789–1873) and Mary Anne, née Rosen. He was educated at the Belfast Royal Academy...

Article

Edwin Cannan

revised by Anita McConnell

Flakefield, William (fl. c. 1670–1700), soldier and linen weaver, was, according to Ure, son of one Wilson of Flakefield, in the parish of East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, who became a merchant in Glasgow about 1650, and was called Flakefield in order to distinguish him from another merchant named ...

Article

Herdman, James (1809–1901), flax-spinning mill proprietor, was born at 15 Mill Street, Smithfield, Belfast, in 1809, the eldest child of the three sons and one daughter, Eliza, of James Herdman (1781–1817), tannery owner, and his wife, Sarah, née Griffith (d. 1848), of ...

Article

See Herdman, James

Article

R. E. Anderson

revised by I. Grattan-Guinness

Ivory, James (1765–1842), mathematician and mill manager, born in Dundee, on 17 February 1765, was the eldest son of James Ivory, watchmaker. At the age of fourteen he matriculated at St Andrews University, and after six years' study with a view to becoming a minister of the Scottish church, he went to ...

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Lang, David Marshall (1924–1991), Georgian and Armenian scholar and translator, was born on 6 May 1924 at Golf View, Chislehurst, Kent, the only son of David Marshall Lang (1896–1978), medical practitioner, and his first wife, May Rena (Mazie), née Wilson (...

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Langton, Thomas (1724–1794), flax merchant, was born at Kirkham, Lancashire, on 18 August 1724, the fourth of nine children of John Langton (1691–1762), woollen draper and merchant of Kirkham, and Elizabeth (d. 1766), natural daughter, and only child, of Thomas Brown of ...

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Larmor [Larmour], Sir (John) Graham (1897–1968), linen industrialist, was born on 19 March 1897 at Fairacre, Derriaghy, near Lisburn, co. Antrim, the second of five children of John Sloan Larmor (1845–1917), linen merchant, of Magheragall near Lisburn, and his wife, Harriett A. E. Glover...

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John Marshall (1765–1845) by John Russell, 1805 The University of Leeds Art Collection

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Marshall, John (1765–1845), flax spinner and politician, was born on 27 July 1765 at 1 Briggate, Leeds, the third, but only surviving, child of Jeremiah Marshall (1731–1787), linen draper, and his wife, Mary (1728–1799), daughter of John Cowper of Yeadon. For health reasons he did not live in ...

Article

A. F. Pollard

revised by L. A. Clarkson

Mulholland, Andrew (1791–1866), cotton and linen manufacturer, born on 2 February 1791 at Belfast, came of an old Ulster family. He married in 1817 Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas McDonnell of Belfast. His father, Thomas, was in 1819 head of Thomas Mulholland & Co....

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Tod, William (c. 1718–1799), linen manufacturer and financial agent, was the son of William Tod (1665/6–1735), the minister of Buittle, Kirkcudbrightshire, and his second wife, Janet Wright (1678/9–1752), widow of Richard Roe or Rae of Cargen. William had four sisters and two half-brothers and one half-sister from his parents' previous marriages. He started his business career in the late 1730s, in partnership with ...