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Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1811 in Charlbury, Oxfordshire, into a Quaker family, the second son and sixth of ten children of William Albright, grocer and mercer of Charlbury, and his wife, Rachel Tanner of Woodborough, Somerset...

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Anderson, Patrick (1579/80–c. 1660), physician and manufacturer of patent medicines, was born in Scotland. By 1618, when his first work appeared, he was already an established physician in Edinburgh; the book, about the cold spring of Kinghorn Craig in the Firth of Forth...

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Beecham, Sir Joseph, first baronet (1848–1916), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Wigan on 8 June 1848. He was the eldest of the family of two sons and two daughters of Thomas Beecham (1820–1907), founder of Beecham's pills, and his first wife, ...

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Beecham, Thomas (1820–1907), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Curbridge, Oxfordshire, on 3 December 1820, the eldest of three sons and four daughters of Joseph Beecham, an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of James Hunt. He received a year's schooling before becoming a shepherd's boy at the age of eight. For the next twelve years as a shepherd, he educated himself and acquired herbal lore. From 1840 onwards he undertook casual work at ...

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Browne, John Collis (1819–1884), physician and manufacturer of patent medicine, was born on 18 June 1819 at Maidstone in Kent, and baptized at the church of All Saints with St Philip in that town. His parents were Captain William Browne of the 13th light dragoons...

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See Cockle, Sir James

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Corbyn, Thomas (1711–1791), pharmaceutical chemist, was born on 13 February 1711 in Worcester, the son of John Corbyn and his wife, Candia, daughter of John and Cecilia Handley of Pontypool. His parents were members of the Society of Friends. He was apprenticed for eight years from September 1728 to ...

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Daffy, Thomas (1616/17–1680), inventor of the ‘elixir salutis’, was probably the son of Giles Daffy (d. 1643?), of Abingdon, Berkshire, though the Abingdon registers contain no entries for the family. Among the administrations in the parish of St Clement, Eastcheap, London, in 1643, was one for a ...

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Eno, James Crossley (1827/8–1915), manufacturer of patent medicine, was born in Newcastle, the son of James Eno (c.1793–1829), a general shopkeeper, and his wife, Elizabeth (1792/3–1874), daughter of John Jackson. After leaving school, he was apprenticed to a Newcastle retail chemist, and in 1846 became a dispenser at the infirmary there at ...

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Fison family (per. c. 1750–1985), millers and manufacturers of fertilizers and pharmaceuticals, traces its origins to James [i] Fison (1735–1806), who was born at Langham, near Bury St Edmunds, on 1 February 1735, the youngest child of Robert and Dorothy Fison. By the age of fifteen ...

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See Fison family

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Gilbert, Charles Sandoe (1760–1831), druggist and topographer, the son of Thomas Gilbert, was born in Kenwyn, near Truro, Cornwall. With a Mr Powell he earned considerable sums travelling throughout Devon and Cornwall selling medicines. Calling himself Dr Gilbert he continued the business alone after ...

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Godfrey, Thomas (d. 1721), apothecary and inventor of Godfrey's cordial, was probably one of the many Thomas Godfreys who were baptized in various Hertfordshire parishes during the middle years of the seventeenth century. He should not be confused with Ambrose (Hanckwitz) Godfrey (...

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Gowland, John (d. 1776), apothecary and inventor of Gowland's lotion, was the grandson of Ralph Gowland, attorney and antiquary of Durham, his first cousin being Ralph Gowland (c.1722–c.1782), an undistinguished MP successively for Durham and Cockermouth. John Gowland did not follow the family tradition of the law; he may have been the ...

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Thomas Holloway (1800–1883) by William Scott, 1845 Archives, Royal Holloway, University of London (RHC PH/281/4/3)

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Holloway, Thomas (1800–1883), manufacturer of patent medicines and philanthropist, was born on 22 September 1800 at Devonport, the eldest of six children and elder of two sons of Thomas Holloway (d. 1836), a baker formerly in the Royal Navy, and his wife, ...

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Robert James (bap. 1703, d. 1776) by William Walker, pubd 1778 (after Peter Scheemakers) by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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James, Robert (bap. 1703, d. 1776), physician and inventor of James's fever powder, was baptized on 23 August 1703 at Shenstone, Staffordshire, the son of Edward James of Kinvaston, a major in the army, and his wife, Frances Clarke of Stafford. He was educated at ...

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Sir Harry Jephcott, first baronet (1891–1978) by Elliott & Fry, 1956 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jephcott, Sir Harry, first baronet (1891–1978), pharmaceutical industrialist, was born on 15 January 1891 at Tardebigge, near Redditch, Worcestershire, youngest of the five children and three sons of John Josiah Jephcott (1853–1929), train driver and former miner, and his wife, Helen (1849–1930), daughter of ...