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Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit' (...

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Thomas Blood (1617/1818–1680) by unknown artist The Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge

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Blount, Sir Christopher (1555/6–1601), soldier and conspirator, was the second son of Thomas Blount (b. before 1523, d. 1568) of Kidderminster, Worcestershire. Blount's early life was profoundly shaped by two key influences: devout Catholicism (especially on the part of his mother, Margery, ...

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Bowes, Sir Robert (1493?–1555), soldier, lawyer, and rebel, was the second surviving son of Sir Ralph Bowes of Streatlam, co. Durham (d. 1512), and Marjorie (d. 1524), daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton, North Riding of Yorkshire...

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Cantilupe [Cantelupe], Nicholas, third Lord Cantilupe (c. 1301–1355), soldier, administrator, and justice, was a son of William de Cantilupe, first Lord Cantilupe (1262–1308), and Eve Boltby (d. after 1314), formerly the wife of Alan of Walkingham, and succeeded his elder brother, William, ...

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Sir Peter Carew (1514?–1575) by Gerlach Flicke National Gallery of Scotland

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Carew, Sir Peter (1514?–1575), soldier and conspirator, was the third son of Sir William Carew (c.1483–1536) of Mohun's Ottery, Devon, and his wife, Joan (d. 1554), daughter of Sir William Courtenay of Powderham and his second wife, Mary. The eldest son, ...

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Challenor, Harold Gordon [Harry; Tanky] (1922–2008), soldier and police officer, was born on 16 March 1922 at 3 Caledonia Street, Bradley, near Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, the second of five children of Thomas Henry Challenor, then working in an iron foundry, and his wife, Ellen, ...

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Costello, Dudley [Dualtache] (d. 1667), soldier and outlaw, was of unknown parentage and background, the surname being very common in east Mayo, where the Costellos, reputedly Gaelicized descendants of early English settlers, had given their name to a barony. Nothing is known of his early life but a deposition taken in 1652 names ...

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Danvers, Sir Charles (c. 1568–1601), soldier and conspirator, was the eldest son of Sir John Danvers (1540–1594) of Dauntsey, Wiltshire, and thus heir to extensive estates in Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Yorkshire. Through his mother, Elizabeth (1545×50–1630), youngest daughter and coheir of John Neville, ...

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Drury, Sir William (1527–1579), soldier and lord justice of Ireland, was born on 2 October 1527 at Hawstead, Suffolk, the third of five sons of Sir Robert Drury (b. before 1503, d. 1577), landowner, of Hedgerley, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of ...

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Sir William Drury (1527–1579) attrib. George Gower, c. 1570–75 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Folville, Eustace (d. 1346), gangster and soldier, was the second of the seven sons of John Folville (d. 1310), lord of Ashby Folville in Leicestershire, and his wife, Alice. He came of an established gentry family. The John Folville who was a king's banneret in 1286, and was knight of the shire for either ...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Roger Turner

Grant, Colquhoun (d. 1792), Jacobite soldier and lawyer, was the son of the farmer of Burnside on the estate of Castle Grant, Inverness-shire. In 1745 he joined the army of Charles Edward Stuart, elder son of the Stuart claimant to the throne, in the highlands and was active in obtaining recruits. According to one account of his exploits during the rising of 1745, he was one of those detached by ...

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Hastings, Sir Edward (1382–1438), soldier and litigant, was born on 21 May 1382 at Fenwick, Yorkshire, the second son of Sir Hugh Hastings (d. 1386/7) of Elsing, Norfolk, and great-grandson of Sir Hugh Hastings (c. 1310–1347). His father, a noted soldier, served on most of the principal campaigns of the 1370s and 1380s, and was a prominent retainer of ...

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James Hind (bap. 1616, d. 1652) by unknown engraver, pubd 1651 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hind, James (bap. 1616, d. 1652), highwayman and royalist soldier, was baptized at Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, on 15 July 1616, the tenth of thirteen children of Edward Hind (d. 1656), a saddler, and his wife, Anne Smythe. His father was evidently a man of some position in the parish, three times serving as churchwarden. On 24 February 1638 ...

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Horsey, Sir Edward (d. 1583), conspirator and soldier, was the eldest son of Jasper Horsey (d. 1546) of Exton, Devon, and his wife, Joan, daughter and heir of William Welford. Jasper Horsey was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1522, served in the household of the ...

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Jones, Thomas [Tom] (1908–1990), trade unionist and Spanish republican volunteer, was born on 13 October 1908 in Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, the second of three children of William Jones, coalminer, and his wife, Mary Jones, a kitchen maid. His father had earlier left ...

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Okey, John (bap. 1606, d. 1662), parliamentarian soldier and regicide, was the sixth child and second son of William Okey of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, and his wife, Margaret Wetherley. The Okey family owned property in London and possessed a coat of arms. John...