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Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1811 in Charlbury, Oxfordshire, into a Quaker family, the second son and sixth of ten children of William Albright, grocer and mercer of Charlbury, and his wife, Rachel Tanner of Woodborough, Somerset...

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Allhusen, Christian Augustus Henry (1806–1890), chemical manufacturer, was born on 2 December 1806 in Kiel, Germany, the fourth son in the family of five sons and two daughters of Carl Christian Allhusen, merchant of Kiel, and his wife, Anna Margaretha Schroder. The French occupation of ...

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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer, Gottlieb Bader, and his wife, Barbara Meier. He was expelled from school at the age of twelve and went to work as a menial in a ...

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Baker, William Garrard (bap. 1815, d. 1902), manufacturing chemist, baptized at Chelmsford, Essex, was the eldest of five sons (there were also two daughters) of William Baker, a chemist and druggist in Chelmsford. Baker's early life and education remain obscure and it seems likely that he was educated locally before being, as he himself recalled, apprenticed to his father. When he was qualified, he went to ...

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Battley, Richard (bap. 1772, d. 1856), apothecary and manufacturing chemist, was baptized on 26 September 1772 at Wakefield, Yorkshire, the second son of John Battley, an architect of local repute, and his wife, Ruth Gledhill. After attending Wakefield grammar school, he was privately trained for medicine by a doctor in the town. He then moved to ...

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C. H. Desch

revised by John Bosnell

Beilby, Sir George Thomas (1850–1924), industrial chemist, was born in Edinburgh on 17 November 1850, the youngest son of George Thomas Beilby MD and his wife, Rachel, daughter of the Revd Jonathan Watson, minister of Dublin Street Baptist Church, Edinburgh. He was educated at private schools and at ...

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Bide, Sir Austin Ernest (1915–2008), chemist and industrialist, was born at 3 Blithfield Street, Kensington, London, on 11 September 1915, the son of Ernest Arthur Bide (1886/7–1918) and his wife, Eliza, née Young (1884–1976). He was brought up by his mother after his father, a gardener who had become a lance bombardier in the ...

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Jesse Boot, first Baron Trent (1850–1931) by unknown artist © reserved / The Boots Company plc

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Boot, Jesse, first Baron Trent (1850–1931), retail and manufacturing chemist, was born in Nottingham on 2 June 1850, the only son of John Boot (1815–1860), a medical herbalist newly arrived from the country, and his second wife, Mary, daughter of Benjamin Wills of ...

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Boot, John Campbell, second Baron Trent (1889–1956), retail and manufacturing chemist, was born on 19 January 1889 in Nottingham, the only son of Jesse Boot (1850–1931), the founder of Boots retail chain and manufacturing chemists. His mother, Florence Annie Boot, née Rowe (1863–1952)...

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Briggs, William (1839–1919), chemical manufacturer, was born at East Retford, Nottinghamshire, on 25 March 1839, the eldest son of William Briggs, stage-coach proprietor, and his wife, Jemima, née Bennett. He attended the King Edward VI Grammar School in Retford, then, aged fifteen, went to ...

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Brock, John (1834–1916), chemical manufacturer, was born on 25 August 1834 in Manchester, the younger of two children of William Brock of Nantwich, Cheshire. He was educated privately and later sent to Chorlton Hall School. Brock's career started with Crosfield and Shanks, chemical manufacturers, in ...

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Edward Allen Brotherton, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brotherton, Edward Allen, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 1 April 1856 at 2 Tiverton Place, Ardwick Green, Manchester, the eldest of three children of Theophilus Brotherton, a yarn agent, and his wife, Sarah, née O'Donnell. His relatives included the educational reformer ...

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Sir John Tomlinson Brunner, first baronet (1842–1919) by Augustus John, exh. New English Art Club 1906 University of Liverpool Art Gallery and Collections

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Brunner, Sir John Tomlinson, first baronet (1842–1919), chemical manufacturer and politician, was born on 8 February 1842 in Everton, Liverpool, the second of the three sons and the fourth of the five children of John Brunner, a Swiss protestant minister, who migrated to ...

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Burroughs, (Silas) Mainville (1846–1895), manufacturing chemist, was born on 24 December 1846, in Medina, New York state, United States of America. His family was influential and wealthy, his father, Silas Mainville Burroughs (1810–1860), being a lawyer and US congressman. His education was in his native state, and an uncle in ...

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Calvert, Frederick Crace- (1819–1873), industrial and analytical chemist, was born on 14 November 1819 in London, the son of Alfred Crace, who later emigrated to Canada to escape his debts, and adopted the name Crace-Calvert. Nothing is known of Crace-Calvert's early education; at the age of sixteen he went to ...

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Castner, Hamilton Young (1858–1899), industrial chemist, was born on 11 September 1858 in Brooklyn, New York, the second of three sons (there were no daughters) of Samuel Castner and his wife, Julia. His early education is unknown, but he attended the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute...

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See Chance, Sir James Timmins, first baronet