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Baude [Bawd, Bawood], Peter (d. 1546), gun-founder, is thought to have been born in France, but nothing is known of his origins or family circumstances. It is said he came to Britain as early as 1509 but the first official reference to him is as a 'gunner' at the ...

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Browne, John (c. 1590–1651), gun-founder, was born in Chiddingstone, Kent, the son of Thomas Browne, founder of iron ordnance to Elizabeth I and James I. He joined his father's thriving business, although not apprenticed in iron making, and took over Thomas's patent in 1615. The ...

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Chetwynd, Godfrey John Boyle, eighth Viscount Chetwynd (1863–1936), munitions manufacturer, was born in Mundersley, Norfolk on 3 October 1863, the second son of Henry Weyland Chetwynd (1829–1893), and his wife, Julia Bosville née Davidson (1823–1901). His father, the third son of the sixth Viscount Chetwynd in the Irish peerage...

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Godfrey John Boyle Chetwynd, eighth Viscount Chetwynd (1863–1936) by Walter Stoneman, 1924 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fenton, Richard (1761/2–1815), gun maker and radical, was the son of Richard Fenton, husbandman, of Wigan, Lancashire. Details of his birth and upbringing are unknown, but it appears that by 1780 Fenton had moved to London, where he found employment as a gun maker. On 20 February 1786 at ...

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Fuller family (per. c. 1650–1803), gun-founders and landowners, came to prominence with John [i] Fuller (1617–1679), the son of Samuel Fuller, of Waldron, Sussex, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Stephen French, of Chiddingly, Sussex. He married Ann, the daughter of John Nutt...

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Galton, Samuel (1753–1832), gun maker and local politician, was born on 18 June 1753 in Birmingham, the eldest son of Samuel Galton (1720–1799), haberdasher and later gun maker, originally from Bristol, and his wife, Mary, née Farmer (1718–1777). His mother was the daughter of ...

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Greener, William (1806–1869), gun maker, was born in Felling, co. Durham, on 3 March 1806, the son of Joseph Greener, toll gate keeper, and his wife, Anne, née Wood (1782–1872). He came from a family of coal miners. Direct experience of mining tragedies, in particular an underground explosion on 25 May 1812 that claimed five family members including his grandfather, determined that he should not follow that occupation. Instead, he was apprenticed as a gun maker to ...

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Grueber, Francis (1658?–1730), gunpowder and leather manufacturer and merchant, was born in Lyons, France, probably in December 1658, the eldest of the three sons and three daughters of Daniel Grueber (d. 1692) and his wife, Susanne (née Monginot). The Huguenot family arrived in ...

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Hale, William (1797–1870), rocket inventor and entrepreneur, was born on 21 October 1797 in Colchester, Essex, the son of Robert Hale, baker, and his wife, Elizabeth, and may have been descended from Sir Matthew Hale, lord chief justice.

Hale's early education is unknown, but his maternal grandfather, ...

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Harrison family (per. 1715–c. 1790), gun-founders, came to prominence with William Harrison (d. 1745). He and his sons, Andrews and John, were the main suppliers of guns and shot in Britain in the mid-eighteenth century. The origins of William Harrison...

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Hogge, Ralph (d. 1585), gun-founder, was a leading figure in the expansion of the iron industry in the Sussex Weald. Nothing is known of his parentage or place of birth, though he was probably born in Sussex. He had business connections with Brian Hogge...

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Hortop, Job (fl. 1550–1591), powder maker and seaman, was born in Bourne, Lincolnshire. From the age of twelve he served the queen's powder maker in Rotherhithe, London, until pressed as a gunner in the Jesus of Lubeck on John Hawkins's third slaving voyage (October 1567). After the disaster at ...