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Richard Arkwright (1755–1843) by Ramsay Richard Reinagle, 1813 Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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See Bellasis family

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Bigland, Ralph (1712–1784), herald and cheesemonger, was born on 29 January 1712 at Stepney, Middlesex, the only son of Richard Bigland (1658–1725) of Wapping, tallow chandler, and his second wife, Mary (1676–1736), daughter of George Errington of Benwell, Northumberland. His father was a native of ...

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Ralph Bigland (1712–1784) by Charles Townley, 1771 (after Richard Brompton) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blackett, Sir William, first baronet (1657–1705), landowner and mine owner, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 5 April 1657. He was the eighth child and third surviving son of Sir William Blackett, also first baronet (1621–1680), and his first wife, Elizabeth (...

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(Ina) Sarah Forbes Bonetta (c. 1843–1880) by Camille Silvy, 1862 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bonetta [née Davies], (Ina) Sarah Forbes [Sally] (c. 1843–1880), Queen Victoria's ward, was born in west Africa (in the south-west of modern-day Nigeria) about 1843, of Yoruba descent. Few details are known about her family besides their massacre by forces loyal to the Dahomian monarch, ...

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Bruce, Sir George (c. 1550–1625), mining industrialist and landowner, was probably born about 1550, the youngest of the three sons of Sir Edward Bruce (1505–1565) of Blairhall near Culross, in Perthshire, and Alison Reid of Aitkenhead, a sister of the bishop of Orkney...

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Bulmer, Sir Bevis (d. 1613), courtier and mining projector, whose origins are shrouded in mystery, was a close friend of both Queen Elizabeth and James VI and I. Stephen Atkinson, his refiner of ores and a constant companion after 1587, wrote an account of ...

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William Cavendish, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891) by George Frederic Watts, 1883 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Cavendish, William, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891), landowner and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1808, in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest of the four children of William Cavendish (1783–1812) and his wife, the Hon. Louisa O'Callaghan (d. 1863), eldest daughter of ...

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Clerk, John (1611–1674), merchant and landowner, was born on 22 February 1611 at Montrose, Forfarshire, the only son of William Clerk (d. 1620), merchant burgess; further details of his mother, aside from her birth date of 1586, are unknown. He was baptized on 22 December 1611 at ...

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Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/5050–1722) by William Aikman, 1700 in the collection of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik House

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Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

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Crane, Sir Francis (c. 1579–1636), courtier and tapestry manufacturer, is first recorded in 1606. His name does not appear in registers of admissions to Oxford, Cambridge, or the inns of court until 1619, when he was admitted to Gray's Inn. A memorial tablet in the church at ...

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Cross, Herbert Shepherd (1847–1916), bleacher and landowner, was born on 1 January 1847, at Mortfield, Halliwell, Bolton, Lancashire, the third surviving son of Thomas Cross (1805–1879), a bleacher, cotton spinner, and banker, of Bolton, and his first wife, Ellen, the daughter of Joseph Mann...

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Delaval family (per. c. 1520–1752), landowners and industrialists of Hartley and Seaton Delaval, Northumberland, were descended from immigrants who arrived in England at or just after the Norman conquest and acquired land in the area of Hartley in the twelfth century. Thus by about 1219 ...

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See Delaval family