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Badger, Charlotte (b. 1778?, d. in or after 1816), escaped convict, was one of the first European women to live in New Zealand. She may have been the child of Ann and Thomas Badger baptized on 31 July 1778 at the parish church of ...

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Bryant [née Broad], Mary (b. 1765), convict, was born in April 1765 in the town of Fowey, Cornwall, the second of the four children of William Broad, a master mariner, and his wife, Grace. In 1785, for reasons that remain unclear, although it is on record that times were particularly hard, she became a highwaywoman, and in January 1786 she was captured after holding up a woman from whom she stole jewellery worth ...

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Buckley, William (1780–1856), convict and settler in Australia, was born at Marton, near Macclesfield, Cheshire, the son of small farmers. He learned to read at evening school before being apprenticed as a bricklayer. At nineteen he enlisted in the local militia, then the ...

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Margaret Catchpole (1762–1819) by Richard Cobbold, pubd 1845 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

M. G. Watkins

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Catchpole, Margaret (1762–1819), convict and author, was born on 14 March 1762, perhaps at Nacton, Suffolk, the illegitimate daughter of Elizabeth Catchpole and a farm labourer employed by a celebrated breeder of Suffolk carthorses. When Margaret was thirteen years of age the farmer's wife was suddenly seized with illness; ...

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Fitzgerald, James fitz Gerald, fifteenth earl of Desmond [called the Queen's Earl, the Tower Earl] (c. 1570–1601), nobleman and prisoner, was the son and heir of Gerald fitz James Fitzgerald, fourteenth earl of Desmond (d. 1583), and his second wife, Eleanor Butler (...

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Jones, Thomas [Tom] (1908–1990), trade unionist and Spanish republican volunteer, was born on 13 October 1908 in Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, the second of three children of William Jones, coalminer, and his wife, Mary Jones, a kitchen maid. His father had earlier left ...

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Kable, Henry (1766/7–1846), transported convict and merchant, was born and lived in Suffolk, like his father, Henry Cabell (d. 1783). Both were illiterate and unskilled labourers, and little is known of Henry Kable's early life. He joined a rural gang notorious for thefts from farms, and in 1783 he, his father, and an accomplice were found guilty of house burglary and sentenced to death. The elder two were hanged on 5 April 1783, but sixteen-year-old ...

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Le Druillenec, Harold Osmond (1911–1985), schoolmaster and concentration camp survivor, was born in the parish of St Ouen, Jersey, on 5 August 1911, the youngest of nine children of Vincent Le Druillenec, farm labourer, and his wife, Sainte-Françoise, née Sangan. His parents were originally from ...

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Eric Sutherland Lomax (1919–2012) by unknown photographer, c.1939 © Writer Pictures

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Lomax, Eric Sutherland (1919–2012), prisoner of war and author, was born on 30 May 1919 at 11 Bedford Terrace, Portobello, Edinburgh, the only child of John Lomax (1878–1950), post office clerk, later post office manager, formerly a Stockport pawnbroker's assistant, and his wife, ...

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Malden, Daniel (d. 1736), prison-breaker, was probably born in Canterbury; details of his parents are unknown. He trained as a postilion, and served for a time in the navy. After his discharge he became involved in petty crime in London. He was found guilty and received sentence of death at the ...

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Ramensky, Johnny (1905–1972), safe-breaker and gaolbreaker, was born in Glenboig, Lanarkshire, on the outskirts of Glasgow, the only son in the family of three children of Lithuanian immigrants. His father, a Lanarkshire coalminer, died while Ramensky was still a child, and he was brought up in poverty by his mother, who had lost an arm in an accident. He left school at fourteen, and worked in the mines for a brief period before the family moved to ...

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Ramsay, Archibald Henry Maule (1894–1955), politician and wartime detainee, was born in India on 4 May 1894, the only son (and the eldest of three children) of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Lushington Ramsay (1854–1928) of the Indian political department and his wife, Sophia (d...

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Redfern, William (1774/5?–1833), convict surgeon and pastoralist in Australia, had relatives in Londonderry, Wiltshire, and possibly Canada, but details are unknown. He acquired the diploma of the London Company of Surgeons in January 1797 and immediately joined HMS Standard as surgeon's first mate. Later that year he provided medical care and probably moral support to the mutineers at the ...

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Reid, Patrick Robert [Pat] (1910–1990), escape officer and author, was born on 13 November 1910 in India, the son of John Reid, of the Indian Civil Service, and his wife, Alice Mabel Daniell. He was educated at Clongowes Wood College, co. Kildare, and at ...

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Sheppard, John [Jack] (1702–1724), thief and prison-breaker, was born on 4 March 1702 in White Row, Spitalfields, London, the son of Thomas Sheppard (1672–c.1706), carpenter, and his wife, Mary. His father, reputedly an honest, industrious artisan, died young, leaving three children. ...

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John Sheppard (1702–1724) attrib. Sir James Thornhill, 1724 Collection Museum of London; © reserved in the photograph

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Thomson [née Hunter], Margaret Henderson (1902–1982), physician and prisoner of war, was born on 20 August 1902 at 30 Lomond Road, Trinity, Leith, Scotland, one of the six children and the third of the four daughters of George Alexander Hunter (1861–1939), a bank secretary and solicitor of ...

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Winterbotham, William (1763–1829), Baptist minister and political prisoner, was born in Little Minories, Aldgate, London, on 15 December 1763, the sixth of fifteen children of John Winterbotham, an apprentice fuller who had fought for the Young Pretender, and his wife, formerly Miss Hyett...