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Fitzpatrick, Sir Jeremiah (c. 1740–1810), physician and campaigner for prison reform, was born in Kilbeggan, co. Westmeath. His background and early years are shrouded in obscurity, but circumstantial evidence points to the conclusion that his parents, of whom nothing is known, were Catholic and that they were comfortably off. He received a medical education abroad and though his graduating institution has not been identified ...

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Sir Jeremiah Fitzpatrick (c. 1740–1810) by William Barnard (after Samuel Drummond, 1801) by courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

Article

Gordon, Mary Louisa (1861–1941), physician and prison inspector, was born on 15 August 1861 at Seaforth in Lancashire, the daughter of James Gordon (1809/10-1894), hide and tallow broker, and his wife, Mary Emily, néeCarter (1831/2-1915). The Gordons had lived for generations in the ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Michael Bevan

Reid, Thomas (1791–1825), naval surgeon and prison reformer, was born of protestant parents and educated near Dungannon, co. Tyrone. He passed his examination at the Royal College of Surgeons on 7 May 1813, when he was found qualified to act as 'surgeon to any rate'. He was admitted on 3 November 1815 a member of the ...