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Allen, Sir Carleton Kemp (1887–1966), jurist and warden of Rhodes House, was born on 7 September 1887 in Carlton, Melbourne, the youngest of the three sons of the Revd William Allen, nonconformist minister, whose own father, a civil engineer, had emigrated from England...

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Sir Carleton Kemp Allen (1887–1966) by Walter Stoneman, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Armitage, Sir Arthur Llewellyn (1916–1984), jurist and university administrator, was born on 1 August 1916 at Town Gate, Marsden, Yorkshire, the elder son of Kenyon Armitage (d. 1972), master draper of Oldham, and his wife, Lucy Amelia Beaumont (d. 1968). He attended ...

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Barclay, Thomas (c. 1570–1632), jurist, was born in Aberdeen of unknown parents. He was sent to Bordeaux in the 1580s to study the Latin and Greek humanities and philosophy at the municipal Collège de Guyenne. This was one of the leading schools in ...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) by Henry William Pickersgill, 1829 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bowett, Sir Derek William (1927–2009), jurist and college head, was born on 20 April 1927 at Denison House maternity home, Victoria Park, Rusholme, near Manchester, the son of Arnold William Bowett (1900–1961), a commercial traveller, and his first wife, Marion, née Wood (1898/9–1948)...

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James Bryce, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922) by George Charles Beresford, 1902 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922), jurist, historian, and politician, was born in Arthur Street, Belfast, on 10 May 1838, the eldest son of James Bryce (1806–1877), schoolteacher and geologist.

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Clark, Edwin Charles (1835–1917), jurist and university teacher, was born on 5 November 1835 in Boroughbridge, Yorkshire. He was the son of Edwin Clark (the name of his mother is unknown) of Ellenthorp Hall, Boroughbridge. Since Clark's mother and siblings died when he was quite young, his father was his 'sole companion' during his earliest years (...

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Cowen, Sir Zelman (1919–2011), legal scholar, governor-general of Australia, and college head, was born Zelman Cohen on 7 October 1919 in St Kilda, Melbourne, the only son of Bernard Cohen, later Cowen (1892–1975), businessman, and his wife Sara, née Granat (1893–1989). In March 1922 his father changed his surname by deed poll. Both families were part of the mass exodus of Jews from tsarist ...

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Sir Zelman Cowen (1919–2011) by Wes Walters, 2000 © National Portrait Gallery, Canberra, Gift of Marc Besen AO and Dr Joseph Brown AO OBE 2000

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Cunningham, Alexander, of Block (1650x60–1730), jurist and scholar, was the eldest of the six children of John Cunningham (d. 1668), minister of Cumnock, Ayrshire, from 1647, and Elizabeth Cunningham (d. 1677). His father, proprietor of the small estate of Block in ...

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Gibb, Andrew Dewar (1888–1974), jurist and Scottish nationalist, was born at the High Street, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 13 February 1888, the son of William Fletcher Gibb (1855/6–1923), medical doctor, and his wife, Mary Jane, née Walker (1860/61–1948). He was educated at Trinity College, Glenalmond...

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Hughes, William (1587/8–1663?), translator and compiler of legal works, was the eldest son of Reginald Hughes (d. 1616), a citizen of London and member of the Fishmongers' Company, and his wife, Margaret. Hughes matriculated at St Alban Hall, Oxford, on 18 January 1605, aged seventeen, and was admitted to ...

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Keith, Arthur Berriedale (1879–1944), Sanskritist and jurist, was born on 5 April 1879 at 3 Abercorn Terrace, Portobello, Edinburgh, the fourth of six talented children and the third son of Davidson Keith (1842–1921), advertising agent, and Margaret Stobie Keith, née Drysdale (1851–1911). His father came from a ...

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Loftus, Dudley (1618–1695), orientalist and jurist, was born at Rathfarnham Castle, co. Dublin, the third son of Sir Adam Loftus (b. 1590/91, d. in or after 1641), later lord justice and chancellor of Ireland, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Walter Vaughan...

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William Molyneux (1656–1698) attrib. Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1696 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Molyneux, William (1656–1698), experimental philosopher and constitutional writer, was born in Dublin, near Ormond Gate, on 17 April 1656, the second of five children of Samuel Molyneux (1616–1693), lawyer and landowner, and his wife, Anne, née Dowdall. His great-grandfather Thomas Molyneux (1531–1597) came from the English colony in ...

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Parry, Sir David Hughes (1893–1973), jurist and university administrator, was born on 3 January 1893 at Llanaelhaearn, Caernarvonshire, the eldest of three sons and of four children of John Parry JP, a farmer, and his wife, Anne Hughes, great-great-niece of Griffith Davies, the actuary. Childhood on a hill farm from which a living could be wrested only by unremitting labour left an indelible mark on him. The family and community in which he grew up were both Welsh-speaking and deeply religious; ...