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Cowen, Sir Zelman (1919–2011), legal scholar, governor-general of Australia, and college head, was born Zelman Cohen on 7 October 1919 in St Kilda, Melbourne, the only son of Bernard Cohen, later Cowen (1892–1975), businessman, and his wife Sara, née Granat (1893–1989). In March 1922 his father changed his surname by deed poll. Both families were part of the mass exodus of Jews from tsarist ...

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Sir Zelman Cowen (1919–2011) by Wes Walters, 2000 © National Portrait Gallery, Canberra, Gift of Marc Besen AO and Dr Joseph Brown AO OBE 2000

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Daube, David (1909–1999), jurist, was born in Freiburg im Breisgau, in Baden, Germany, on 8 February 1909, the younger son of Jakob Daube (1875–1954), a wine merchant, and his wife, Selma, née Ascher, from Nördlingen. Both parents were Orthodox Jews. Throughout his life he remained a loyal Badener and a loyal Jew, rigidly Orthodox in his youth and middle years, though with some relaxation in later life. The family was comfortably off. In ...

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Sir Otto Kahn- Freund (1900–1979) by unknown photographer British Library of Political and Economic Science

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Freund, Sir Otto Kahn- (1900–1979), jurist, was born in Frankfurt am Main on 17 November 1900, the only child of Richard Kahn-Freund, a merchant, and his wife, Carrie Freund. He grew up in a cultured Jewish household and though in religious matters he was agnostic, he himself said that the most important fact in his life had been the awareness of being a Jew. To this he attributed the passion for justice and the concern for the disadvantaged which lay at the root both of his interest in labour law and of his socialist convictions....

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Arthur Lehman Goodhart (1891–1978) by Arthur Ralph Middleton Todd, 1957 reproduced by kind permission of the Master and Fellows of University College, Oxford. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Goodhart, Arthur Lehman (1891–1978), jurist, was born on 1 March 1891 in New York city, the younger son and youngest of three children of Philip Julius Goodhart, a well-known New York stockbroker, and his wife, Harriet Lehman, a strong-minded woman, the elder sister of ...

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Jacob, Sir Isaac Hai [Jack] (1908–2000), barrister and jurist, was born on 5 June 1908 in Timtang Road, Shanghai, the third of ten children of Jacob Isaiah Jacob (1863–1935) and his wife, Aziza, née Abraham (1887–1976). His father, a Sephardic Jew, had moved from ...

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F. H. Lawson

revised by J. K. Barry M. Nicholas

Jolowicz, Herbert Felix (1890–1954), jurist, was born in London on 16 July 1890, the third child and second son of Hermann Jolowicz (1849–1934), a Jewish silk merchant, and his wife, Marie Litthauer (1864–1948). His sister Marguerite married Martin Wolff, an international lawyer. He was educated at ...

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Laddie, Sir Hugh Ian Lang (1946–2008), barrister, judge, and legal scholar, was born on 15 April 1946 at 34 Eaton Rise, Ealing, London, the elder son and second of three children of Bertie Daniel Laddie (1915–1987), a solicitor then serving as a captain in the ...

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Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lipstein, Kurt (1909–2006), jurist, was born on 19 March 1909 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the son of Alfred Lipstein, a distinguished physician from Königstein, East Prussia, and his wife, Hilda, née Sulzbach, who belonged to a prominent banking family in Frankfurt. Both parents were of Jewish descent. After attending the ...

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Mann, Frederick Alexander [Francis] (1907–1991), jurist, was born at Frankenthal, Rhenish palatinate, Germany, on 11 August 1907, the only child of Richard Mann (1873–1953), lawyer, and his wife, Ida, née Oppenheim (1877–1936). Both parents were from Jewish families which had been settled near the ...

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William Alexander Robson (1895–1980) by Elliott & Fry, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robson, William Alexander (1895–1980), jurist and reformer, was born on 14 July 1895 at Finchley, Middlesex, the first son and youngest of three children of Jack Robson, born Jacob Alexander Isaacs, a dealer in pearls in Hatton Garden, and his wife, Esther Louisa Afriat...

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Wolff, Martin (1872–1953), jurist, was born in Berlin on 26 September 1872, the elder child and only son of Wilhelm Wolff, banker, and his wife, Selma Ball. After studying under Heinrich Brunner and Otto Gierke, he became in 1900 a Privatdozent in the ...