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Addison, Charles Greenstreet (bap. 1812, d. 1866), barrister and legal writer, was baptized on 1 April 1812, the youngest son of William Dering Addison of Newark House, Maidstone, the descendant of an old Kentish family, and his wife, Susan Whiting. Addison was called to the bar at the ...

Article

Francis Espinasse

revised by Jonathan Harris

Adolphus, John (1768–1845), barrister and historian, was born in London on 7 August 1768; he was of German-Jewish descent. His grandfather was domestic physician to Frederick the Great, and wrote a French romance, Histoire des diables modernes (1763), which is sometimes wrongly ascribed to ...

Article

Francis Espinasse

revised by Richard Maxwell

Adolphus, John Leycester (bap. 1794, d. 1862), barrister and writer, was baptized on 28 August 1794 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, London, the son of John Adolphus (1768–1845), barrister and historian, and Martha Elizabeth, née Leycester (d. 1843). He had a sister, Emily, later Henderson...

Article

Alexander, Robert Scott [Bob], Baron Alexander of Weedon (1936–2005), barrister and banker, was born on 5 September 1936 at 12B Kingsway West, Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire, the son of Samuel James Alexander, motor engineer and garage proprietor, and his wife, Hannah May, née...

Article

Allen, Anthony (1685–1754), barrister and antiquary, was born on 3 June 1685 and baptized at Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, two days later, the fourth surviving son of William Allen (d. 1698), of Much Hadham, and his wife, Bridget James. After attending Bishop's Stortford School...

Article

J. M. Rigg

revised by Robert Brown

Andrews, George (fl. 1728–1776), barrister, was the son of George Andrews, of Wells, Somerset. Nothing is known about his early life, but he was admitted a member of the Middle Temple in 1728, and called to the bar in 1740. While still a student he compiled reports of cases argued in the ...

Article

Austin Dobson

revised by Rebecca Mills

Anstey, John (bap. 1757, d. 1819), poet and barrister, the second son of Christopher Anstey (1724–1805) and Ann, third daughter of Felix Calvert of Albury Hall, Hertfordshire, was born at Anstey Hall, Trumpington, Cambridgeshire, and baptized on 7 November 1757. A scholar at ...

Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by Michael Lobban

Archbold, John Frederick (1785–1870), barrister and legal writer, was the second son of John Archbold of co. Dublin. He was admitted a student of Lincoln's Inn on 3 May 1809, and was called to the bar on 5 May 1814. Archbold did not marry, and with no recorded interests outside the law he devoted his life to his work, becoming one of the most prolific writers of legal treatises and digests in the nineteenth century. His books were essentially practical, and were clear, comprehensive, and well organized. He also had a high reputation, which ensured that his works usually sold well....

Article

Archer, Peter Kingsley, Baron Archer of Sandwell (1926–2012), barrister and politician, was born on 20 November 1926 in Great Western Street, Wednesbury, Staffordshire, the only child of Cyril Kingsley Archer (1897–1974), tool setter, and his wife, May, née Baker (1896–1976). His parents encouraged him to spend time in the library, instilling a lifelong love of books. He also became committed to Methodism and was later a lifelong Methodist lay preacher. At the age of sixteen he completed his schooling at ...

Article

Arnold, Thomas James (1803–1877), barrister and literary translator, was born on 6 July 1803 in Downing Street, Westminster, London, the eldest son of Samuel James Arnold (1774–1852), dramatist, and Matilda Catherine Pye (d. 1851), younger daughter of Henry James Pye, MP and poet laureate. He was educated at ...

Article

Austin, Charles (1799–1874), barrister, was born in Suffolk on 26 March 1799, the second of the five sons and two daughters of Jonathan Austin and his wife, Anne, née Redhouse, of Ipswich. Jonathan Austin was a miller and corn merchant who made large amounts of money as a government contractor during the Napoleonic wars. He was a handsome, vigorous, self-educated, and astute man who liked to read. ...

Article

Barber, (Charles) Chapman (1801x4–1882), barrister, was the first son of Chapman Barber, a solicitor of Chancery Lane, London (d. before 1829). He was educated at a school in Saffron Walden, Essex, before being admitted to St John's College, Cambridge, in 1824, graduating BA in 1833 and MA in 1836. He first entered ...

Article

See Barlow, William Hagger

Article

J. M. Rigg

revised by Jonathan Harris

Barnewall, Richard Vaughan (1779/80–1842), barrister, was the fourth son of Robert Barnewall of London, merchant, and Sophia, daughter of Captain Silvester Barnewall (uncle of Robert Barnewall). His father was said to have been lineally descended from Sir Nicholas Barnewall, created in 1461 chief justice of the common pleas in ...

Article

Baron, Dame Florence Jacqueline (1952–2013), barrister and judge, was born on 7 October 1952 in the Kingsbury Maternity Hospital, Honeypot Lane, Kingsbury, London, the daughter of Owsiej (Jose) Baron, electrical engineer, and his wife, Ellen Elizabeth Jane, née McLennan. At the time of her birth registration her parents lived at ...

Article

Barton, Charles (1767/8–1843), barrister and legal writer, was called to the bar on 20 November 1795 at the Inner Temple, and established a successful conveyancing practice. Among his clients was the Golden Lane Brewery, one of a number of joint-stock associations formed after the turn of the nineteenth century and whose deed he drew up. ...

Article

J. M. Rigg

revised by Beth F. Wood

Bell, John (1764–1836), barrister, son of Matthew Bell, was born at Kendal, Westmorland, on 23 October 1764. He lost both parents at an early age and was brought up by an aunt. He was educated at Kirkby Lonsdale School and the grammar school at ...

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Peter James Henry Benenson (1921–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Benenson, Peter James Henry (1921–2005), barrister and human rights campaigner, was born on 31 July 1921 at 6 Albert Court, Knightsbridge, London, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Josiah Solomon (1885–1930), army officer, and his wife, Flora (1895–1984), daughter of the Jewish Russian banker ...

Article

Benjamin, Judah Philip (1811–1884), barrister and politician in the United States of America, was born on 11 August 1811. His parents, Philip and Rebecca Benjamin, London shopkeepers, were Sephardic Jews of British nationality, who, in 1807, sailed from England to make their home across the ...