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Francis Espinasse

revised by Jonathan Harris

Adolphus, John (1768–1845), barrister and historian, was born in London on 7 August 1768; he was of German-Jewish descent. His grandfather was domestic physician to Frederick the Great, and wrote a French romance, Histoire des diables modernes (1763), which is sometimes wrongly ascribed to ...

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Alison, Sir Archibald, first baronet (1792–1867), historian and lawyer, was born on 29 December 1792 at Kenley, Shropshire, in the parsonage of his father, Archibald Alison (1757–1839), son of Patrick Alison, lord provost of Edinburgh. The elder Archibald married in 1784 Dorothea (...

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Sir Archibald Alison, first baronet (1792–1867) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1839 unknown collection / Christie's; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allen, Anthony (1685–1754), barrister and antiquary, was born on 3 June 1685 and baptized at Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, two days later, the fourth surviving son of William Allen (d. 1698), of Much Hadham, and his wife, Bridget James. After attending Bishop's Stortford School...

Article

Allen, Edward Heron- (1861–1943), lawyer and scholar, was born in London on 17 December 1861, the fourth child of George Allen (1823–1911), head of the firm of Allen & Son, Solicitors, Soho, London, and his wife, Catherine Herring or Heron (b. 1830)...

Article

Amyot, Thomas (1775–1850), lawyer and antiquary, was the eldest of the six sons and one daughter of Peter Amyot (c.1736–1799), a watch- and clock-maker, and his wife, Susannah Garrett. His great-grandfather Thomas, the eldest son of a physician to Louis XIII...

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Anderson, John (1798–1839), genealogist and writer to the signet, was born on 16 August 1798, the eldest of four children of Peter Anderson (1768–1823), a solicitor in Inverness, and his wife, Jessie Thomson (c.1766–1836). Anderson was educated for seven years at the private boarding-school in ...

Article

Arnold, Thomas James (1803–1877), barrister and literary translator, was born on 6 July 1803 in Downing Street, Westminster, London, the eldest son of Samuel James Arnold (1774–1852), dramatist, and Matilda Catherine Pye (d. 1851), younger daughter of Henry James Pye, MP and poet laureate. He was educated at ...

Article

Ball, Sir Peter (bap. 1598, d. 1680), lawyer and antiquary, was the second-born (but eldest surviving) son of Giles Ball (b. 1573) of Mamhead, Devon, and his wife, Urith (d. 1644), daughter of Humphrey Copleston of Instow, Devon. He was baptized at ...

Article

T. F. T. Dyer

revised by J. A. Marchand

Beckwith, Josiah (1734–1788x1800), lawyer and antiquary, was born on 24 August 1734 at Rothwell, near Leeds, where his father, Thomas Beckwith, practised as an attorney. He also became an attorney and settled at Masbrough, near Rotherham. He married on 14 August 1763 at ...

Article

D. J. O'Donoghue

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Bewley, Sir Edmund Thomas (1837–1908), lawyer and genealogist, was born in Dublin on 11 January 1837, the son of Edward Bewley (1806–1876), licentiate of the Irish colleges both of surgeons and of physicians, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Mulock (1791–1857) of ...

Article

Birks, Peter Brian Herrenden (1941–2004), jurist, was born on 3 October 1941 at Green Hedges, Westmeston, Lewes, Sussex, the eldest son of Peter Herrenden Birks, a medical practitioner and captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps, and his wife, (Maud) Mary, née Morgan...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by Hugh Mooney

Bolland, Sir William (1771/2–1840), lawyer and book collector, was the eldest son of James Bolland of Southwark. He was educated under Dr Valpy at Reading School where he wrote several prologues and epilogues for the school's annual dramatic performances. He then went to ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by David Dean

Bowes, Paul (d. 1702), lawyer and antiquary, was born at Great Bromley, Essex, the second son of Sir Thomas Bowes (d. 1676), witch persecutor, and Mary (b. 1608), third daughter of Paul Dewes (1567–1631) [see under Dewes, Garrat]; his parents had married on 4 December 1626. After being educated at the school at ...

Article

Brent, Sir Nathanael (1573/4–1652), ecclesiastical lawyer and college head, was one of twelve children and the fifth son of Anker Brent (d. 1598) of Little Wolford, Warwickshire, and of his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Prat of Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire. Chosen in 1589 postmaster (scholar) of ...

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Burn, William Laurence (1904–1966), historian and lawyer, was born on 15 October 1904 at Bombay House, Angate Street, Wolsingham, co. Durham, the only son of Laurence Burn (1864–1920) and his wife, Annie (1871–1931), daughter of William Coates of Oakcroft, Wolsingham. Burn's father was a minor landowner and tradesman, possessing a local quasi-patriarchal position which his son was to inherit. ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Peter Sherlock

Butcher, Richard (1586/7–1664), antiquary and lawyer, came from an unknown family. In 1646, as town clerk of Stamford, he published The survey and antiquitie of the towne of Stamford, in the county of Lincolne; with its ancient foundation, grants, priviledges, etc., probably the result of work done to support the town council's claims presented to ...

Article

Byng, Thomas (d. 1599), civil lawyer and college head, was the second son of John Byng of Wrotham in Kent and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Robert Spencer. His elder brother, Robert, was the ancestor of the well-known naval and military family. Thomas Byng...

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Calcutt, Sir David Charles (1930–2004), barrister and college head, was born on 2 November 1930 at Berkeley Nursing Home, Marlow, Buckinghamshire, the only child of Alfred Henry (Harry) Calcutt (d. 1972), pharmacist, and his wife, Christine Linda, née Young. His early life was shaped by his musicality. A chorister at ...

Article

Chauncy, Sir Henry (1632–1719), lawyer and antiquary, was born on 12 April 1632 at Yardley Bury, Yardley, Hertfordshire, the eldest of the seven children of Henry Chauncy (1600–1681) of Yardley and his wife, Anne (1608–1707), daughter of Peter Parke of Tottenham and his wife, ...