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À Beckett, Gilbert Abbott (1811–1856), comic writer and police magistrate, was born at The Grange, Hampstead, Middlesex, on 17 February 1811, the third son of William A'Beckett (1777–1855), a reform solicitor, and his wife, Sarah Abbott. His forebears were an ancient Wiltshire family, who traced their ancestry back to the fourteenth century and claimed descent from ...

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Gilbert Abbott À Beckett (1811–1856) attrib. Charles Couzens, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allott, Antony Nicolas [Tony] (1924–2002), jurist and magistrate, was born on 30 June 1924 at home, Leomont, in Jump, a mining village near Barnsley, Yorkshire, the first son and third of the nine children of Reginald William Allott (1892–1970), steelworks manager, and his wife, ...

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Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662), magistrate and antiquary, was born on 21 September 1581, the eldest son of Andrew Archer (d. 1629) of Umberslade, near Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, and Margaret (d. 1614), daughter of Simon Ralegh of Farnborough, Warwickshire. He was educated at ...

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See Ballantine, William

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Catherine Pease-Watkin

Birnie, Sir Richard (c. 1760–1832), police magistrate, was a native of Banff, Scotland. After serving his apprenticeship to a saddler he went to London, where he found work in the Haymarket with Macintosh & Co., saddlers and harness makers to the royal family. Having on one occasion been called upon by chance to attend the ...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by Catherine Pease-Watkin

Bridge, Sir John (1824–1900), police magistrate, was born on 21 April 1824, the only son of John H. Bridge of Finchley, Middlesex. At Oxford, where he matriculated from Trinity College on 10 March 1842, he graduated BA with a first class in mathematics in 1846, and proceeded MA in 1849. On 10 April 1844 he was admitted student at the ...

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Agnes Macdonell

revised by M. J. Mercer

Burn, John (1743/4–1802), magistrate and legal editor, the son of Richard Burn (1709–1785), vicar of Orton and chancellor of the diocese of Carlisle, was born at the family home, Orton Hall, Westmorland. Although trained for the legal profession Burn did not practise, but his legal knowledge stood him in good stead in his capacity as a magistrate in the counties of ...

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Campbell, Sybil (1889–1977), barrister and first woman stipendiary magistrate, was born on 9 October 1889 in Ceylon, the eldest of the three daughters and a son of Neill Graeme Campbell (1859–1940) of Auchendarroch, tea company agent, and his wife, Maude Georgiana (d...

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Sybil Campbell (1889–1977) by unknown photographer, c. 1940 The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Christian, Edward (bap. 1758, d. 1823), jurist and magistrate, was baptized on 3 March 1758 near Brigham, Cumberland, the second son of Charles Christian (1729–1768) of Mairlandclere (Moorland Close), attorney and coroner of Cumberland, and Ann Dixon (1730–1820). His elder brother, John (1752–1791)...

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Patrick Colquhoun (1745–1820) by Robert Dunkarton, pubd 1802 (after Samuel Medley, exh. RA 1802) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Colquhoun, Patrick (1745–1820), magistrate and a founder of the Thames police, and his twin, Ann, were born on 14 March 1745 in Dumbarton. Their parents, Adam Colquhoun (1711–c.1755), sheriff-substitute and keeper of the register of sasines for Dunbartonshire, and Isabell, née...

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Conant, Sir Nathaniel (1745–1822), bookseller and police magistrate, was born on 10 April 1745, the sixth of eight sons of John Conant, rector of Hastingleigh and vicar of Elmstead, Kent, and his wife, Mary, daughter of the Revd William Wake. Four of his older brothers died in childhood or early adolescence. The ...

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Creech, William [pseud. Theophrastus] (1745–1815), bookseller and magistrate, was born in Newbattle, Edinburghshire, on 12 May 1745, the son of the Revd William Creech (1705–1745), minister of Newbattle, and his wife, the Calvinist Mary Buley (d. 1764) of the English family of ...

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Dunne, Sir Laurence Rivers (1893–1970), magistrate, was born on 4 October 1893 at 22 Seymour Street, Marylebone, London, the younger son of Arthur Mountjoy Dunne (1859–1947) and his wife, Alice Sidney (1869/70–1945), daughter of Sir John Lambert, general superintendent of the Bengal police's operations for the suppression of ...

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Edwards, John (1750/51–1832), army officer and magistrate, was the eldest son of James Edwards, a landowner, of Old Court, near Bray, co. Wicklow, Ireland, and his wife, Anne, the second daughter of Thomas Tennison of Castle Tennison, co. Roscommon. In 1782 he married ...

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Henry Fielding (1707–1754) by unknown engraver, after 1762 (after William Hogarth) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fielding, Henry (1707–1754), author and magistrate, was born on 22 April 1707 at Sharpham Park, near Glastonbury, Somerset, the eldest of the seven children of Colonel Edmund Fielding (1680–1741), a veteran of Marlborough's wars who would rise to the rank of lieutenant-general, and ...

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Fielding, Sir John (1721–1780), magistrate, was born on 16 September 1721, probably in Blenheim Street, St James's, London, the third of the six children of General Edmund Fielding (1680–1741), an army officer, and his second wife, Anne Blanchfield (d. 1727), who may have owned a ...