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Daines Barrington (1727/88–1800) by Charles Knight, 1795 (after Joseph Slater, 1770) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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Cox, Homersham (1821–1897), judge, mathematician, and author, was born on 19 June 1821 at Newington, Surrey, the fourth son of Edward Treslove Cox (1780-1863), proprietor of houses, and his wife Sarah née Homersham (1784-1859). He was educated at Tonbridge School (1830–39) and at ...

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Erskine, Sir George, of Innerteil, Lord Innerteil (c. 1567–1646), judge and supposed alchemist, was the third son of Sir Alexander Erskine (c.1521–1588×92) of Gogar, Stirlingshire, and Margaret Home (d. in or after 1586), daughter of George Home, fourth Lord Home...

Article

J. E. G. de Montmorency

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Fry, Sir Edward (1827–1918), judge and zoologist, was born in Union Street, Bristol on 4 November 1827, the second son of Joseph Fry (1795–1879) and Mary Ann, née Swaine. Both his parents were Quakers. His father, a manufacturer of chocolate and cocoa, was a man with strong religious and philanthropic interests. A supporter of free trade, he continued the family tradition in business. ...

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Sir Edward Fry (1827–1918) by Roger Fry, 1896 The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Sir William Robert Grove (1811–1896) by Maull & Polyblank, 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Grove, Sir William Robert (1811–1896), natural philosopher and judge, was born in Swansea on 11 July 1811, the only son of John Grove, a magistrate and deputy lieutenant of Glamorgan and his wife, Anne Bevan. Educated by a succession of private tutors, he entered ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Hargreave, Charles James (1820–1866), judge and mathematician, was born at Wortley, near Leeds, Yorkshire, in December 1820, the eldest son of James Hargreave, woollen manufacturer, and his wife, of whom little is known. He was educated at Bramham College, near Leeds, and at ...

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Sir William James Herschel, second baronet (1833–1917) by unknown photographer private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Herschel, Sir William James, second baronet (1833–1917), developer of fingerprinting and judge, was born on 9 January 1833, probably in Slough, the eldest child of the three sons and nine daughters of Sir John Herschel, first baronet (1792–1871), astronomer and chemist, and his wife, ...