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Charles Abbott, first Baron Tenterden (1762–1832) by Samuel William Reynolds senior, 1820 (after William Owen, exh. RA 1819) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abbott, Charles, first Baron Tenterden (1762–1832), judge, was born in Canterbury on 7 October 1762, the second son of John Abbott (d. 1785), a hairdresser, with a shop opposite the western portal of the cathedral, and his wife, Alice, née Bunce (...

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A'Beckett, Sir William (1806–1869), judge, was born on 28 July 1806 in London, the eldest son of William A'Beckett (1777–1855), solicitor, and his wife, Sarah, née Abbott. After attending Westminster School and serving articles with his father, he determined on the bar and was called at ...

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Abercromby, Alexander, Lord Abercromby (1745–1795), judge and essayist, was born on 15 October 1745, probably at Menstrie, Clackmannanshire, the fourth and youngest son of George Abercromby of Tullibody, Clackmannanshire (1705–1800), who had trained as an advocate, and his wife, Mary (d. 1767)...

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Abney, Sir Thomas (1690/91–1750), judge, was baptized on 3 April 1691 at Willesley, Derbyshire, the second son of Sir Edward Abney of Willesley and his second wife, Judith, daughter and coheir of Peter Barr, a London merchant. His father was member of parliament...

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Ackner, Desmond James Conrad, Baron Ackner (1920–2006), judge, was born at 90 Highbury New Park, Islington, London, on 18 September 1920, the son of an immigrant Viennese dentist, Conrad Ackner, who had a fashionable practice in Wimpole Street, and his wife, (Rosine) Rhoda, née Tuck...

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W. O. Hart

revised by Alec Samuels

Acton, Sir Edward (1865–1945), judge, was born at Stretford in Lancashire on 6 November 1865, the son of Henry Morell Acton (1828–1907) [see under Acton, Henry], one of the editors of the Manchester Guardian, and his wife, Anne Shaw, daughter of ...

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Adair, James (1743?–1798), judge and serjeant-at-law, whose place of birth remains unknown and whose date of birth is unconfirmed, was the first son of James Adair, a Belfast merchant, and Margaret Maxwell of co. Down where the younger Adair later inherited estates. While his early years remain somewhat obscure it is known that ...

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Adams, Sir Richard (1709/10–1774), judge, was the son and heir of John Adams of the parish of St Olave, Southwark. He was admitted to the Inner Temple on 23 October 1727. Called to the bar in 1736, Adams practised as one of the common pleaders of ...

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Aitchison, Craigie Mason, Lord Aitchison (1882–1941), judge, was born at the manse, Erskine, Falkirk, on 26 January 1882, the second son of the Revd James Aitchison, minister of the United Presbyterian church, and his wife, Elizabeth Mason Craigie. He was educated at Falkirk high school...

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Craigie Mason Aitchison, Lord Aitchison (1882–1941) by Stanley Cursiter, 1937 in the collection of the Faculty of Advocates; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Aland, John Fortescue, first Baron Fortescue of Credan (1670–1746), judge, was born on 7 March 1670, the second son of Edmund Fortescue of Bierton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Sarah, daughter (and ultimately heir) of Henry Aland of Waterford. On his father's side he was a descendant of ...

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John Fortescue Aland, first Baron Fortescue of Credan (1670–1746) by John Faber junior, 1733 (after Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1720) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alderson, Sir Edward Hall (bap. 1787, d. 1857), law reporter and judge, was baptized on 10 September 1787 at Great Yarmouth Presbyterian Old Meeting Chapel, the eldest son of Robert Alderson (d. 1833), barrister and recorder of Norwich, and his first wife, ...

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Allibone [Allibond], Sir Richard (1636–1688), judge, was the son of Job Allibone (bap. 1599, d. 1672). Allibone's paternal grandfather, Peter Allibond, served as rector of Chenies, Buckinghamshire, until his death in 1629, but Job Allibone broke with the family religion and converted to Roman Catholicism. For this act he was disinherited, but he managed to secure himself a place in the ...

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Allott, Antony Nicolas [Tony] (1924–2002), jurist and magistrate, was born on 30 June 1924 at home, Leomont, in Jump, a mining village near Barnsley, Yorkshire, the first son and third of the nine children of Reginald William Allott (1892–1970), steelworks manager, and his wife, ...

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Altham, Sir James (c. 1555–1617), judge, was the third son of James Altham (1525?–1583), a prosperous London merchant, and his first wife, Elizabeth, the sister of Sir Thomas Blank, lord mayor of London in 1582. His mother died in 1558; his father then married the formidable widow of ...

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S. V. FitzGerald

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India, was born on 6 April 1849 at Chinsura, Bengal, the fourth son of Saiyid Saadat Ali Khan (who died of cholera in 1856) of Mohan, Oudh, and his wife, the daughter of Shamsuddin Khan...

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Amos, Sir (Percy) Maurice Maclardie Sheldon (1872–1940), judge, was born at East Street, Gray's Inn Road, London, on 15 June 1872, the eldest child and only son of Sheldon Amos (1835–1886) and his wife, Sarah Maclardie Amos (1840/41–1908), daughter of Thomas Percival Bunting...

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Amphlett, Sir Richard Paul (1809–1883), judge, was born in Shropshire on 24 May 1809, the eldest son of the Revd Richard Holmden Amphlett (d. 1842) and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Nathaniel Paul of Bloomsbury Square, London. His father was rector, lord of the manor, and owner of ...