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Allen, Francis (c. 1583–1658), politician and regicide, was probably born in London, though nothing is as yet known of his early life or parentage. He first appears in the mid-1630s as a liveryman of the Goldsmiths' Company living on Fleet Street. He was one of those goldsmiths living in 'remote' places who opposed attempts to force them back into the ...

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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628), gentleman landowner, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626)...

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Sir Thomas Andrewes (d. 1659) by unknown artist private collection

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Axtell, Daniel (bap. 1622, d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 26 May 1622 at Great Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, probably the son of William Axtell (d. 1638), chief burgess of the town, and his wife, Dorothy Symons (d. 1629)...

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Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide, was probably the son of Michael Barkstead, a London goldsmith, and his wife, Anne, daughter of John Downing. His grandfather had lived at Lichfield in Staffordshire and his family was originally from ...

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John Bellingham (1770–1812) by Denis Dighton, pubd 1812 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bellingham, John (1770–1812), assassin, was born in St Neots in Huntingdonshire, the younger child and only son of a London land surveyor and miniature painter and his wife, Elizabeth Searbrow, of St Neots gentry stock. His father became mentally ill in 1779, and died a year later. At fourteen ...

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Blagrave, Daniel (bap. 1603, d. 1668?), politician and regicide, was baptized on 20 November 1603 at St Mary's, Reading, the fifth son of Alexander Blagrave (d. 1612), a clothier of Southcote Lodge, Berkshire, and his wife, Margaret. A nephew of the mathematician ...

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Blakiston, John (bap. 1603, d. 1649), politician and regicide, was baptized on 21 August 1603 at Sedgefield in co. Durham, the third son of Marmaduke Blakiston (1565–1639) and Margaret James (1575–1636). He was apprenticed to Christopher Shafto of Newcastle upon Tyne, probably in 1613, and became a free burgess, as a mercer, in 1627. Later, royalists described him as either a pedlar, butcher, chandler, or shopkeeper, but such disparaging comments cannot detract from the fact that by 1632 he was one of ...

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Bourchier, Sir John (c. 1595–1660), politician and regicide, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Bourchier (1559–c.1631) of Beningborough, and his wife, Katherine (c.1565–1623), daughter of Sir Thomas Barrington of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex. He was descended from a family of Norman extraction, a branch of which had settled in ...

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John Bradshaw, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bradshaw, John, Lord Bradshaw (bap. 1602, d. 1659), lawyer, politician, and regicide, was born at Wibersley, in the parish of Stockport, Cheshire, and baptized on 10 December 1602 at St Mary's, Stockport, the second surviving son of Henry Bradshaw (d. 1654) of ...

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Carew, John (1622–1660), politician and regicide, was born on 3 July 1622, the second son of Sir Richard Carew, first baronet (1579/80–1643?), experimenter and educationist, of Antony, Cornwall, and his second wife, Grace (1603/4–1658), daughter of Robert Rolle of Heanton Satchville, Devon. He was admitted to ...

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Cawley, William (bap. 1602, d. 1667), politician and regicide, the eldest son of John Cawley (d. 1621), a brewer of Chichester who was three times mayor, and his third wife, Catherine, was born in Chichester and baptized on 3 November 1602 at ...

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Chaloner, Thomas (1595–1660), politician and regicide, was born at Steeple Claydon, Buckinghamshire, the third son of Sir Thomas Chaloner the younger (1563/4–1615) and Elizabeth Fleetwood (1568–1603), and elder brother of James Chaloner (c. 1602–1660). He matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, on 7 June 1611, and was admitted to the ...

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Clements, Gregory (bap. 1594, d. 1660), politician and regicide, was baptized at St Andrew's, Plymouth, on 21 November 1594, the son of John Clement, a local merchant who became mayor of the town in 1614, and his wife, Judith Sparke. Clements's formal education may have been minimal and he followed his father into trade, but although he 'had no good elocution, yet [he] was of a good apprehension and judgement' (...

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Constable, Sir William, baronet (bap. 1590, d. 1655), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 4 March 1590, the only son of Sir Robert Constable (d. 1600) of Flamborough and Holme, Yorkshire, and his wife, Anne, daughter of John Hussey of ...

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Cook, John (bap. 1608, d. 1660), judge and regicide, was the eldest son of the landowner Isaac Cook (d. c.1658) and his wife, Elizabeth Twigden, of Burbage and Husbands Bosworth, Leicestershire; he was baptized on 18 September 1608 at Husbands Bosworth...

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Corbett, Miles (1594/5–1662), politician and regicide, was probably born in Sprowston, Norfolk, where several generations of the Corbett family are buried, the second son of Sir John Corbett, baronet (d. 1628), who married a daughter of Sir Arthur Capel. A pedigree compiled between 1655 and 1659 lists ...