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Arundell, Sir Thomas (c. 1502–1552), administrator and convicted conspirator, was the younger son of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall (c.1474–1545), and his first wife, Eleanor (d. by December 1503), daughter of Thomas Grey, first marquess of Dorset (c. 1455–1501)...

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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Evesham, Worcestershire, the son of Francis Bernardi (b. c.1627), a Genoese nobleman and agent at the court of Charles II, naturalized in 1675, and grandson of the Genoese diplomat Count Philip de Bernardi...

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Boyle, Charles, fourth earl of Orrery (1674–1731), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Little Chelsea near Kensington, Middlesex, on 28 July 1674, not 1676 as stated in the Dictionary of National Biography, and was baptized on 1 August at St Mary's, Kensington...

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Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator, was baptized on 27 March 1627 at Alton, Hampshire, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Braman (d. 1661), mercer of Alton. He first appears in 1647 as one of the regimental agitators of the ...

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Brodrick, Sir Alan (1623–1680), royalist conspirator and politician, was born on 28 July 1623, the eldest of the ten children of Sir Thomas Brodrick (d. 1642), military administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1678), daughter of Robert Nicholas of Manningford Bruce, Wiltshire...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Cameron, Archibald (1707–1753), physician and Jacobite conspirator, was the fourth son of John Cameron (c.1663–1748), laird of Lochiel, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Alexander Campbell of Lochnell, and the younger brother of Donald Cameron of Lochiel, who took a prominent part in the Jacobite rising of 1745. ...

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Arthur Capel, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1653 [with his wife, Elizabeth, countess of Essex] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Capel, Arthur, first earl of Essex (bap. 1632, d. 1683), politician and conspirator, was born at Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 28 January 1632, the eldest son of Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel (1604–1649), and his wife, Elizabeth Morrison (1609/10–1661), daughter and heir of ...

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Cargill, Donald [Daniel] (c. 1627–1681), field preacher and insurgent, was born at the farmhouse of Nether Cloquhat, Perthshire, the son of Lawrence Cargill (d. 1657), smallholder of Nether Cloquhat, and later notary at Rattray, and his wife, Marjory Blair. Initially destined for a career in the law ...

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Cecil, William (1676–1745), Jacobite conspirator and agent, was born in December 1676 at Wakefield, the only son of John Cecil, of Northgate Hall in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and Anne Ogelthorpe (d. 1718). He was not, as has previously been suggested, a 'younger son of the family of the ...

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Charlton, Francis (bap. 1639, d. 1698), politician and conspirator, was baptized on 16 May 1639 at Wellington, Shropshire, the son of Francis Charlton of Apley Castle, Shropshire (d. 1642), and his wife, Mary (d. 1661), the daughter of Osmary Hill. This younger ...

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Charnock, Robert (1663–1696), Jacobite conspirator, was born on 2 February 1663 and baptized on 16 February at St Mary's Church, Warwick, the third son among seven children of Robert Chernocke (d. 1687) of Warwick and Wedgnock Park, Warwickshire, and his wife, Margaret Brooke (...