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See Babington, Anthony

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Arden, Edward (1533–1583), convicted conspirator, was the son of a Warwickshire gentleman, William Arden, second cousin to Mary Arden, the mother of Shakespeare. William having died in 1545, Edward succeeded his grandfather Thomas as master of Park Hall, Warwickshire, in 1563. He married ...

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Armstrong, Sir Thomas (bap. 1633, d. 1684), army officer and conspirator, was baptized on 27 December 1633 at St Stephen's protestant church, Nijmegen, the son of Thomas Armstrong (d. 1662), army officer, and his wife, Anne, née Anderson. A coronet of horse at ...

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Arundell, Sir Thomas (c. 1502–1552), administrator and convicted conspirator, was the younger son of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall (c.1474–1545), and his first wife, Eleanor (d. by December 1503), daughter of Thomas Grey, first marquess of Dorset (c. 1455–1501)...

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Ashton, Edward (d. 1658), conspirator, was of unknown background and origins, though he was a citizen of London, having (on his own account) been 'a gentleman borne' (Mercurius Politicus, no. 423, 667). He is chiefly remembered for his involvement in a plot against ...

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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Ayloffe [Ayliffe], John (c. 1645–1685), satirist and conspirator, was born in Foxley, Wiltshire, the younger son of John Ayliffe (b. 1611?). He matriculated at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, in July 1662 and was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1664. An unyielding opponent of the ...

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Babington, Anthony (1561–1586), conspirator, was born in October 1561 at Dethick, Derbyshire, the third child and eldest son of Henry Babington of Dethick and his second wife, Mary, daughter of George, Lord Darcy, and granddaughter of Thomas, Lord Darcy, who was beheaded for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace. The family had been established in ...

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Baillie [Bailly], Charles (c. 1541–1625), conspirator and informer, was probably born in the Low Countries of Scottish descent. He was a good linguist, and from about 1564 found employment in the household of Mary, queen of Scots. By 1571 he was in the service of ...

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Baillie, Robert, of Jerviswood (d. 1684), conspirator, was the son of George Baillie of St John's Kirk, Lanarkshire, of the Lamington Baillies, and the nephew of the covenanter leader, Archibald Johnston of Wariston. Of presbyterian principles, he was, according to his cousin, Gilbert Burnet...

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Robert Baillie of Jerviswood (d. 1684) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

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Balfour, John, of Kinloch (fl. 1663–1683), covenanter, was the son of John Balfour (d. c.1652), portioner of Kinloch, in the parish of Collessie, and his wife, Grissel Hay (d. c.1653). Served heir to his grandfather Robert Balfour on 26 February 1663, he was described as a 'broad man' with 'farid dusk brown hair' (...

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Evesham, Worcestershire, the son of Francis Bernardi (b. c.1627), a Genoese nobleman and agent at the court of Charles II, naturalized in 1675, and grandson of the Genoese diplomat Count Philip de Bernardi...

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Blackadder, William (1647–1696), physician and plotter, was the eldest son of John Blackadder the elder (1615/1623?–1686), and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688); Adam Blackadder (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696) and John Blackadder (1664–1729) were among his brothers. Admitted to ...