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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Clarendon, Sir Roger (c. 1350–1402), royal bastard and conspirator, was the natural son of Edward, the Black Prince (1330–1376), and his mistress (concubina), Edith Willesford. He was presumably born at the royal palace of Clarendon in Wiltshire, probably around the middle of the fourteenth century, before ...

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Hamilton, Claud [known as Lord Claud Hamilton], first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), nobleman and conspirator, was born probably in 1546, the fifth and youngest son of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and first duke of Châtelherault (d. 1575), and his wife, ...

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Kingston, Sir Anthony (c. 1508–1556), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir William Kingston (d. 1540) of Elmore and Painswick, Gloucestershire. Since he began to acquire stewardships and other minor offices in Gloucestershire in 1528, Anthony was probably born about 1508, or perhaps a little earlier. Nothing is known of his upbringing, but the conventional education of the son of a substantial gentleman and courtier can be assumed. His first significant preferment was as keeper of ...

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Logan, Robert, of Restalrig (1555–1606), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir Robert Logan (c.1533–1561), sixth laird of Restalrig, and his wife, Agnes Gray (c.1540–1585), daughter of Patrick Gray, fourth Lord Gray. He was descended from a family of ...

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Percy, Henry, eighth earl of Northumberland (c. 1532–1585), magnate and conspirator, was born at Newburn Manor, Northumberland, the younger son of Sir Thomas Percy (d. 1537), landowner and rebel, of Prudhoe, Northumberland, and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1567), daughter and coheir of ...

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Pickering, Lewis (bap. 1571), courtier and convicted seditious libeller, was baptized in February 1571, the son of John Pickering of Tichmarsh, Northamptonshire, and his second wife, Ursula. He matriculated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1587, but apparently left without a degree before entering ...

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Rumbold, William (1613–1667), courtier and royalist conspirator, was born at or near Burbage in Leicestershire, the son of Thomas Rumbold (d. in or after 1617) and Catherine Ripplinghame (d. in or after 1617). His family, a branch of the Rumbolds of ...

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Ruthven, Alexander, master of Ruthven (1580?–1600), nobleman and alleged conspirator, was probably born in December 1580; he was baptized in Perth on 22 January 1581, the third son of fourteen children born to William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), and his wife, ...

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Ruthven, John, third earl of Gowrie (1577/8–1600), magnate and alleged conspirator, was born in 1577 or 1578 in Perth, the second son of William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), and his wife, Dorothea Stewart. He succeeded to the earldom in 1588 on the death of his older brother, ...