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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Clarendon, Sir Roger (c. 1350–1402), royal bastard and conspirator, was the natural son of Edward, the Black Prince (1330–1376), and his mistress (concubina), Edith Willesford. He was presumably born at the royal palace of Clarendon in Wiltshire, probably around the middle of the fourteenth century, before ...

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Fortescue, Sir Adrian (c. 1481–1539), landowner and alleged traitor, was the second son of Sir John Fortescue (d. 1500) of Punsborne, near Hatfield, Hertfordshire, and Alice, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn (and great-aunt of Anne Boleyn). Sir John had arranged for ...

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Graham, Sir Robert, of Kinpont (d. 1437), landowner and assassin, was the third son of Patrick Graham of Kincardine and his second wife, Euphemia, daughter of John Stewart of Ralston. Possibly intended for the church, he was educated at the University of Paris...

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Hamilton, Claud [known as Lord Claud Hamilton], first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), nobleman and conspirator, was born probably in 1546, the fifth and youngest son of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and first duke of Châtelherault (d. 1575), and his wife, ...

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Hamilton, John, second Lord Bargany (c. 1640–1693), nobleman and accused traitor, was the elder son among the seven children of Sir John Hamilton later first Lord Bargany (d. 1658), and his wife, Lady Jean (d. 1669), second daughter of William Douglas, ...

Image

Philip Howard [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Howard, Philip [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), magnate and alleged traitor, was born on 28 June 1557 at Arundel House, the Strand, London, the only child of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), nobleman and courtier, and his first wife, ...

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Kingston, Sir Anthony (c. 1508–1556), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir William Kingston (d. 1540) of Elmore and Painswick, Gloucestershire. Since he began to acquire stewardships and other minor offices in Gloucestershire in 1528, Anthony was probably born about 1508, or perhaps a little earlier. Nothing is known of his upbringing, but the conventional education of the son of a substantial gentleman and courtier can be assumed. His first significant preferment was as keeper of ...

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Logan, Robert, of Restalrig (1555–1606), landowner and conspirator, was the only son of Sir Robert Logan (c.1533–1561), sixth laird of Restalrig, and his wife, Agnes Gray (c.1540–1585), daughter of Patrick Gray, fourth Lord Gray. He was descended from a family of ...

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Percy, Henry, eighth earl of Northumberland (c. 1532–1585), magnate and conspirator, was born at Newburn Manor, Northumberland, the younger son of Sir Thomas Percy (d. 1537), landowner and rebel, of Prudhoe, Northumberland, and his wife, Eleanor (d. 1567), daughter and coheir of ...

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Pickering, Lewis (bap. 1571), courtier and convicted seditious libeller, was baptized in February 1571, the son of John Pickering of Tichmarsh, Northamptonshire, and his second wife, Ursula. He matriculated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1587, but apparently left without a degree before entering ...

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Pole, Henry, Baron Montagu (1492–1539), nobleman and convicted traitor, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Pole (1458/9–1504) [see under Pole, Margaret] and his wife, Margaret Plantagenet (1473–1541) [see Pole, Margaret], daughter of George, duke of Clarence, and later ...

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Rumbold, William (1613–1667), courtier and royalist conspirator, was born at or near Burbage in Leicestershire, the son of Thomas Rumbold (d. in or after 1617) and Catherine Ripplinghame (d. in or after 1617). His family, a branch of the Rumbolds of ...

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Ruthven, Alexander, master of Ruthven (1580?–1600), nobleman and alleged conspirator, was probably born in December 1580; he was baptized in Perth on 22 January 1581, the third son of fourteen children born to William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), and his wife, ...

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Ruthven, John, third earl of Gowrie (1577/8–1600), magnate and alleged conspirator, was born in 1577 or 1578 in Perth, the second son of William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), and his wife, Dorothea Stewart. He succeeded to the earldom in 1588 on the death of his older brother, ...