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Armstrong, Eliza (b. 1872), domestic servant and victim of abduction, was born at 9 Charles Street, Lisson Grove, in the Marylebone district of London on 18 April 1872 to Charles Armstrong, a chimney sweep, and Elizabeth, née Chivers, who were married in March 1874. The family later moved to ...

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Barclay, Sir Peter Maurice (1926–2014), solicitor and social reformer, was born on 6 March 1926 at 2 Walerand Road, Lewisham, London, the only child of George Ronald Barclay (1894–1974), chartered secretary and businessman, and his wife, Josephine Maria Stephanie, née Lambert...

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See Beale family

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Bebb [married name Thomson], Gwyneth Marjory (1889–1921), campaigner for women's admission to the legal profession, was born at Brasenose House, High Street, Oxford, on 27 October 1889, the second daughter and third of the seven children of Llewellyn John Montfort Bebb DD (1862–1915)...

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Gwyneth Marjory Bebb (1889–1921) by unknown photographer, 1920 by kind permission of Anne Tickell and Martin Tomlins

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Peter James Henry Benenson (1921–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benenson, Peter James Henry (1921–2005), barrister and human rights campaigner, was born on 31 July 1921 at 6 Albert Court, Knightsbridge, London, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Josiah Solomon (1885–1930), army officer, and his wife, Flora (1895–1984), daughter of the Jewish Russian banker ...

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Dame Geraldine Southall Cadbury (1865–1941) by Thomas Bowman Garvie, 1912 © Birmingham Museums Trust

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Cadbury, Dame Geraldine Southall (1865–1941), social and penal reformer, was born Geraldine Southall at 5 Highfield Road, Edgbaston, on 29 June 1865, the daughter of Alfred Southall (1838–1931), chemist, and his wife, Anna Strangman, née Grubb (1841–1912). She inherited a propensity for social activism from her Quaker parents; her father was a temperance worker who taught a working men's adult school class, while her Irish mother was a supporter of women's suffrage. She was educated at ...

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Carden, George Frederick (1798–1874), barrister and cemetery founder, was born on 21 May 1798 in London, the second of the five children of James Carden (1758–1829), attorney, and his wife, Mary (1765–1830), daughter of John Walter (1739?–1812), founder of The Times. His brother was the banker and politician ...

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Chorley, Robert Samuel Theodore, first Baron Chorley (1895–1978), lawyer and conservationist, was born on 29 May 1895 at Kendal, Westmorland, the eldest of three sons (there were no daughters) of Richard Fisher Chorley, a solicitor, and his wife, Annie Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Frost...

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Cohen, Stanley [Stan] (1942–2013), sociologist and criminologist, was born on 23 February 1942 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the eldest son of Ray Cohen, a businessman who had arrived from Lithuania in the wave of immigration in the 1920s and 1930s, and his wife, ...

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Dewhurst, Robert (1576/7–1645), lawyer and benefactor, was born at Wormley, near Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, the second of the five sons of Barnard Dewhurst (1533–1596), a Lancashire man who became an employee of William Cecil, Baron Burghley, and his wife, Anne Warde, who was probably a niece of ...

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Finer, Sir Morris (1917–1974), judge and social reformer, was born on 12 December 1917 at 24 Underwood Street, Bethnal Green, in the East End of London, the elder son of Charles Finer (1888–1959), master tailor, and his wife, Ray, née Topper (1895–1978). He won scholarships from ...

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Fry [née Gurney], Elizabeth (1780–1845), penal reformer and philanthropist, was born on 21 May 1780 at Magdalen Street, Norwich, the fourth of twelve children, seven daughters and five sons, of John Gurney (1749–1809), a merchant and banker, and Catherine Bell (1754–1792). Her parents were both descendants of old Quaker families, ...

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Elizabeth Fry (1780–1845) by George Richmond, 1844 Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery / private collection

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Gifford, Adam, Lord Gifford (1820–1887), judge and benefactor, eldest son of James Gifford, administrator, and his wife, Catherine Ann, née West, teacher, was born at Edinburgh on 29 February 1820. His sister Mary married the Congregationalist minister Alexander Raleigh, and was the mother of ...

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John Glaister (1856–1932) by William Somerville Shanks, 1917 © reserved / Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...

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Gonson, Sir John (1676/7–1765), magistrate, details of whose birthplace and family are unknown, was called to the bar of the Inner Temple in July 1715. He served as a magistrate at the Middlesex sessions from 1720 and was knighted on 14 May 1722. ...