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Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer, was baptized on 28 March 1676, the son of James Aikenhead (d. in or before 1683), apothecary and burgess of Edinburgh, and his wife, Helen (d. 1685), daughter of Thomas Ramsey, former minister of ...

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Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander and his wife, Jemima (b. 1819), one of eighteen children of David Abarbanel Lindo...

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S. V. FitzGerald

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India, was born on 6 April 1849 at Chinsura, Bengal, the fourth son of Saiyid Saadat Ali Khan (who died of cholera in 1856) of Mohan, Oudh, and his wife, the daughter of Shamsuddin Khan...

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Anderson, Sir (James) Norman Dalrymple (1908–1994), missionary, jurist, and writer on religion, was born on 29 September 1908 at Aldeburgh, Suffolk, the second son and last of the four children of William Dalrymple Anderson (d. 1946), grain merchant, and his wife, Lilian Maud, ...

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Archdale, Helen Elizabeth [Betty] (1907–2000), feminist, cricketer, and educationist, was born at 59 Oxford Terrace, Bayswater, London, on 21 August 1907, the only daughter of the Scottish feminist and journalist Helen Alexander Archdale, née Russel (1876–1949), and her husband, ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Bagard, Thomas (d. 1544), civil lawyer and divine, was born in the diocese of Hereford, of unknown parentage. He was a scholar in civil law by March 1515 at Oxford University and was a member of New Inn. He was connected with the diocese of ...

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Bailey, Derrick Sherwin (1910–1984), Church of England priest and sexual ethicist, was born at Moors, Alcester, Warwickshire, on 30 June 1910, the son of William Thomas Bailey, railway signalman, and his wife, Ellen Mary, née Taylor. He was educated at Alcester grammar school...

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Bainham, James (d. 1532), lawyer and protestant martyr, was the youngest son of Sir Alexander Bainham and Elizabeth Langley, née Tracy, of Westbury-on-Severn in Gloucestershire, and nephew through his mother of Sir William Tracy, the evangelical landowner from Toddington in Gloucestershire whose will was refused probate in 1531 because of its heretical content. The source of his early education is unknown, but he probably attended a grammar school for he knew both Latin and Greek; later he was admitted to the inns of court and became a lawyer. However, he did not confine his energies to the law; he also espoused the evangelical faith articulated so eloquently in his uncle's will. ...

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Balfour, John, of Kinloch (fl. 1663–1683), covenanter, was the son of John Balfour (d. c.1652), portioner of Kinloch, in the parish of Collessie, and his wife, Grissel Hay (d. c.1653). Served heir to his grandfather Robert Balfour on 26 February 1663, he was described as a 'broad man' with 'farid dusk brown hair' (...

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Barber, John (c. 1500–1549), clergyman and civil lawyer, is of obscure origins. He was a fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, from 1528 to 1538, having graduated as a bachelor of canon law (4 February 1525) and of civil law (19 February 1528). He became a member of the ...

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Barre, Richard (b. c. 1130, d. in or after 1202), ecclesiastic and justice, was related to the Sifrewasts, Berkshire knights who also held land at their ancestral centre, Chiffrevast, in Normandy. Some time before 1150 he studied law at Bologna, where he was a fellow student of the canonist ...

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Bassingbourn, Humphrey of (d. 1238x41), ecclesiastic and justice, was a native of Bassingbourn in Cambridgeshire, related to the local lords of the manor, including Warin of Bassingbourn, a prominent counsellor of King John. In 1206 Humphrey was presented by the king to Bassingbourn church...

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Bayeux, Osbert de (fl. 1120–1184), ecclesiastic and suspected murderer, was a nephew of Archbishop Thurstan of York (d. 1140). An archdeacon named Osbert occurs in the 1120s; if this was Osbert de Bayeux then he must have been promoted as archdeacon, presumably by his uncle, at an early age. As ...

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Becon, John (d. 1587), ecclesiastical lawyer and reformer, was born in Suffolk of unknown parentage. Educated at St John's College, Cambridge, he was admitted as a scholar in 1559, graduated BA in 1561, was admitted a fellow on 21 March 1561, and proceeded MA in 1564. His degrees were incorporated at ...

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Bellasis, Anthony (d. 1552), clergyman and civilian, was the second son of Thomas Bellasis of Henknowle, co. Durham, and Margaret, née Thirkell. He was thus a member of a prominent border gentry family; his elder brother, Richard Bellasis [see under Bellasis family...

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Bellasis, Edward (1800–1873), serjeant-at-law and Roman Catholic convert, the only son of the Revd George Bellasis of Queen's College, Oxford, rector of Yattendon and vicar of Basilden and Ashampstead, Berkshire, and his second wife, Leah Cooper, only surviving child and heir of Emery Viall...

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See Essex witches

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Bentwich, Herbert (1856–1932), lawyer and Zionist leader, was born on 11 May 1856 at 57 Church Lane, Whitechapel, London, the youngest of three children (he had a brother and a sister) of Marks, or Mattos (Mattathias), Bentwitch, a jeweller who had immigrated from ...