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R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Abbott, Sir James (1807–1896), army officer, third son of Henry Alexius Abbott of Blackheath, Kent, a retired Calcutta merchant, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of William Welsh, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh, was born on 12 March 1807. He was the brother of ...

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Sir James Abbott (1807–1896) by B. Baldwin, 1841 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James Abercromby (1706–1781) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer, and his wife, Helen Meldrum. With his father's assistance he became commissioner of supply and justice of the peace in ...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Abercromby, Sir John (1772–1817), army officer, was the second son of the famous General Sir Ralph Abercromby (1734–1801) and his wife, Mary Anne (d. 1821), daughter of Captain John Menzies. His brothers included James Abercromby and Alexander Abercromby. He was born on 2 April 1772 at ...

Article

Abercromby, Sir Ralph, of Tullibody (1734–1801), army officer, was born in October 1734 at Menstrie, Clackmannanshire, and baptized on 26 October at Logie, Perthshire. He was the second but eldest surviving son of George Abercromby (1705–1800), a lawyer by training and a descendant of the ...

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Sir Ralph Abercromby of Tullibody (1734–1801) by John Hoppner, c. 1797–8 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by S. J. Skedd

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician, was born on 18 February 1747 and baptized the following day at North Petherton, Somerset, the elder of the two sons of Sir Thomas Acland, seventh baronet (1722–1785), a landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by S. Kinross

Acland, Sir Wroth Palmer (1770–1816), army officer, was the son of Arthur Palmer Acland of Fairfield, and nephew of Sir Thomas Acland bt. He entered the army in 1787 as ensign in the 17th regiment, becoming a lieutenant in 1790 and captain in 1791 before being placed on half pay until the outbreak of war with ...

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Adam, Sir Ronald Forbes, second baronet (1885–1982), army officer, was born on 30 October 1885 in Bombay, the eldest son of Sir Frank Forbes Adam, first baronet (1846–1926), a Scot who was a well-known industrialist in Lancashire and Bombay, and his wife, Rose Frances Kemball (1863–1944)...

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Adams, Thomas (1730?–1764), army officer, remains of unknown birth and parentage. He commenced his military service in 1747 as a volunteer with the army under the command of the duke of Cumberland in the Netherlands. On 25 June of the same year he obtained a commission as ensign in the ...

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See Adye, Stephen Payne

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Sir John Miller Adye (1819–1900) by Maclure & Macdonald, pubd 1882 (after Fradelle) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Adye, Sir John Miller (1819–1900), army officer, was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, on 1 November 1819, the son of Major James Pattison Adye, Royal Artillery, and Jane, daughter of J. Mortimer Kelson of Sevenoaks. His grandfather Major Stephen Payne Adye, Royal Artillery, had three sons in the regiment. ...

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See Adye, Stephen Payne

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See Adye, Stephen Payne

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Adye, Stephen Payne (d. 1794), army officer and writer on military justice, entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, as a cadet in June 1757, and was appointed second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery in September 1762; he was promoted first lieutenant in May 1766, captain lieutenant in March 1773, and captain in June 1780. After the Seven Years' War he was on the staff of ...

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Agnew, Sir Andrew, of Lochnaw, fifth baronet (1687–1771), army officer, was born on 21 December 1687 at Innermessan Castle, Wigtownshire, the eldest son of the twenty-one children of Sir James Agnew, fourth baronet (c.1660–1735), and his wife, Mary (c.1652–1742)...

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Ainslie, George Robert (1776–1839), army officer and numismatist, was born near Edinburgh, the eldest son of Sir Philip Ainslie and his wife, the Hon. Elizabeth Gray, fifth daughter of John, twelfth Lord Gray. He entered the army as an ensign in the 19th regiment...