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Barlow, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1845–1945), physician, was born at Brantwood Fold, Edgworth, near Bolton, Lancashire, on 4 September 1845; he was the eldest of seven children of James Barlow (1821–1887) of Greenthorne, Edgworth, who established the cotton mills of Barlow and Jones...

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Sir Thomas Barlow, first baronet (1845–1945) by Catharine Dodgson, 1936 from the collection of the Athenaeum, London

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Bowker, Agnes (b. 1541/2), servant and alleged mother of a cat, was the daughter of Henry Bowker, a yeoman or butcher of Market Harborough, Leicestershire, and suffered from fits of 'the falling sickness' or epilepsy. Although she described being once sent to live in ...

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Dame Harriette Chick (1875–1977) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

H. M. Sinclair

revised by David F. Smith

Chick, Dame Harriette (1875–1977), nutritionist, was born at 5 Newman Street, London, on 6 January 1875, the fifth child and third daughter of the eleven children (four boys and seven girls) of Samuel Chick, a prosperous lace merchant and property owner, and his wife, ...

Article

Christophers, Sir (Samuel) Rickard (1873–1978), protozoologist and tropical medicine specialist, was born on 27 November 1873 in Liverpool, the elder son and eldest of three children of Samuel Hunt Christophers and his wife, Mary Selina, daughter of William Rickard, a mining expert in ...

Article

FitzGerald, Mabel Purefoy (1872–1973), physiologist and clinical pathologist, was born on 3 August 1872 at North Hall, Preston Candover, Hampshire, the last of the seven children of Richard Purefoy FitzGerald (1837–1895) and his wife, Henrietta Mary (d. 1895), daughter of the Revd Anthony Chester...

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Martel, Linda (1956–1961), healer, was born on 21 August 1956 at Amherst Maternity Home, St Peter Port, Guernsey, the fifth of the six children of John Royston (Roy) Martel (1916–1979), commercial traveller, and his wife, Eileen Ethel, née Allchin (b. 1926). At birth she was suffering from water on the brain and spina bifida, and her legs were paralysed. The doctor in charge of the case, ...

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Joseph Carey Merrick [the Elephant Man] (1862–1890) by unknown photographer, c. 1889 Royal London Hospital Archives and Museum

Article

Merrick, Joseph Carey [called the Elephant Man] (1862–1890), freak show novelty and medical curiosity, was born at 50 Lee Street, Leicester, on 5 August 1862, the elder son (there was also a daughter) of Joseph Rockley Merrick (b. 1835/6), a warehouseman and machine operator in a cotton factory, and ...

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Moore [née Peg], Ann (b. 1761), the fasting woman of Tutbury, was born on 31 October 1761 at Rosliston, Derbyshire, the daughter of a labourer and sawyer, William Peg. She went into domestic service, and in 1788 married a fellow farm servant, ...

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Nolan, Anthony Edward (1971–1979), inspiration of a medical charity, was born at the Memorial Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, on 2 December 1971, the only son of Shirley Nolan [née Oakey] (1942–2002). She had been born at the Maternity Hospital Annexe, Cookridge, Leeds...

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Christopher F. Lindsey

Pitman, Sir Henry Alfred (1808–1908), physician, was born on 1 July 1808 in London, probably at 41 Howland Street, St Pancras, the youngest of the seven children (four boys and three girls) of Thomas Dix Pitman (d. 1817/18), a solicitor in Furnival's Inn...

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Platt, Sir Harry, first baronet (1886–1986), surgeon, was born on 7 October 1886 at 317 Rochdale Road, Thornham, Lancashire, the eldest of five sons, one of whom died in infancy, of Ernest Platt, master fustian cutter, and his wife, Jessie Cameron, daughter of ...

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Strong [née Thorogood], Rebecca (1843–1944), nurse, was born on 23 August 1843 at the Blue Boar inn, High Street, Aldgate, London, the daughter of John Thorogood (1785–1870), the innkeeper, and his wife, Mary Westell (1804–1854). On 19 July 1863 Rebecca Thorogood married ...

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Toft [née Denyer], Mary (bap. 1703, d. 1763), the rabbit-breeder, daughter of John and Jane Denyer, was baptized at Godalming, Surrey, on 21 February 1703. She married Joshua Toft, a journeyman clothier, about 1720. They had three children, Mary, Anne, and James...

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Mary Toft (bap. 1703, d. 1763) by John Faber junior (after John Laguerre) © National Portrait Gallery, London